CGRN 25

Dossier of regulations of the Attic deme of Paiania

Date :

ca. 450-425 BC

Justification: lettering (Jameson).

Provenance

Paiania . Found in the deme near Athens (modern Liopesi). The fragment is now in the Epigraphical Museum in Athens (inv. no. 13263).

Support

An opisthographic stele, inscribed on two faces, A and B; worn and damaged, but relatively intact except for the top and bottom which are broken.

  • Height: 81.5 cm
  • Width: 37.3 cm
  • Depth: 6.3 cm

Layout

Not stoichedon and letters described as "satis inurbanae" by Jameson (i.e. probably not inscribed by an 'official' or professional Athenian cutter), 1-1.8 mm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Jameson (ap. Lewis) IG I³ 250, with new and improved readings. In lines B 13-14 and 21, the letters or words coming after | were inscribed on the lateral side of the stele, as a marginal continuation of the text. For variant readings in lines B35-37, see Takeuchi.

Cf. also: Sokolowski LSS 18.

Further bibliography: Nilsson 1944; Georgoudi 1994; Humphreys 2004: 154-155, with other detailed comments; Parker 2005a: 340 with n. 55; Takeuchi 2010-2013: 97-101; Veneciano 2014.

Text


Face A


[..?..]
[........c.15.......]ΟΔ[.]
[......c.12......] ἐὰν δέ τ-
[ις
τούτον τι ποι]ε̑ι τινέτο
[......c.11.....] το̑ι δέμο-
5
....c.7...] hιέρειαν πα-
[ρέχεν
vv Σκ]ροισι καὶ hεφ-
[ιστίοισι
ὀ]πτανάἈνθεί[ο]-
ισι
καὶ Πρ[ε]ροσίοις ὀβολ-
ὸς
χαλκίον· ῥαβδοχε̑ν τὸς
10hιεροποιὸς καὶ hὸς ἂν κελ-
εύοσιν
· τὰ χσυγγεγραμμ-
ένα
μὲ ἐ̑ναι ἀναφσεφίσα[ι],
ἐὰμ μὲ hεκατὸν παρο̑σιν
το̑ν δεμοτο̑ν vacat
15τε̑ιδε χοῖροςἐς τὸ Ἐλευ-
σίνιον
Δαίραι ἀμνὲπρε-
ρόαρχος
vvvἐς τὸ Ἐλευσί-
νιον
πρεροσίον τέλεον
θε̑λυ χοῖρος ἄρρεν [⋮] ἀπόμε-
20τρα
τεταρτεύςτε̑ιδε hε-
μιτετάρτεον
vvπρεροσ-
ιάδον
χριθο̑ν hύε δύο
ἄρρεν καὶ θέλειαἀπόμ-
ετρα
[⋮] τεταρτεύς [⋮] τε̑ιδε
25hεμιτετάρτεον vacat
ἐς τὸ ἘλευσίνιονΧλοα-
ῖα
χοίρ«ο» ἄρρεν καὶ θέλει-
α
ἀπόμετρατρε̑ς ⋮ ∣∣∣ vv
ἐς Ἄνθεια hῦς κριτὲ{ν} v
30κύοσα χοῖροςἄρρενἀπ-
όμετρα
[⋮] τεταρτεύςτε̑-
ιδε
hεμιτετάρτεον vv
vacat
ΓΕ..Ε.Ρ...Ο...c.5..Σ.⟧
35.........c.18.........
θλ[ε]ια Ε......c.11.....
[...]ΕΥ[...c.5..] h[.]Τ[.]Σ[..]Ε[..] vacat

Face B


[..?..]
[...]Ε[.......c.13...... ἀπ]-
[ό]μετρα
[τεταρτεύς τε̑ι]-
δε
v hεμιτ[ετάρτεον] vv
πρεροσιάδ[ον χριθο̑ν] v
5hύε δύο θέ[λεια ἄρρεν]
ἀπόμετρα [τεταρτε]-
ς
[⋮] τε̑ιδε hεμι[τετάρτε]-
ον
Ε[.......c.13...... ἐς]
τὸ Ἐλευσίνιον [...c.6...]
10[.]Α[..]Μ[.......c.13......]
[...]Π[..]Δ[...c.6...]«ΟΝΛΕ[..]»
Α[.........c.17........]
ΛΥ[..]Ε[..]Λ[..]Ρ[..] «[ἀ]πόμ»|ετρα
hΕΚ[........c.15.......]| τρε̑ς
15ΤΕ[........c.16........]
ΑΙ[..]Ε[.......c.13......]
Ρ[.........c.17........]
ΕΙΦ[........c.15.......]
Ε[.........c.17........]
20ἀπόμ[ετρ]α [.....c.10.....]
ον[...c.6...]....c.8....«τέ»|λεον
«Δ𐅂𐅂 hιερ[ε]σ[υνα 𐅂𐅂𐅂𐅂]»
[.]ΝΘΕΟΙΛ[....c.7... τέλε]-
ον
θε̑[λυ χοῖρος (?) ἀπόμετρ]-
25α
[τε]τ[αρτεύς τε̑ιδε hεμι]-
τετρ[τε]ο
.....c.10.....]
hυ[...]ο[.....c.9....] χο[ῖ]-
ρο
..c.4.. ἀπόμετρα] τε-
ταρ[τεύς
τε̑ιδε] h[εμι]τετ-
30άρτεο[ν]
[ἐς τὸ Ἐλ]ευσίνιον
Χλοα[ῖα χοί]ρο θλειαἄρρε-
ν
ἀπό[με]τρατρε̑ς ⋮ ∣∣∣ vvv
hεκάτεςhιερείαι ⋮ hο̑ν ἂν τ-
ε̑ι ⋮ hεκάτει θύεταιδιδόνα[ι]
35[κ]ολε̑ν, πλευρόν vvζακορε[..]
[.]ΟΣΑΝ φερει καταλειφε[..]
[..4..]ΟΣΙΜ[.]ΑΘΑΡΕΣ[.]Ο[...]
[.......c.13......]Μ[..c.4..]
[..?..]

Translation

Face A

[...] if someone does [one of these things], let him pay [...] to the people [...] (5) the priestess provides, for the Skira and [Hephaistia?]: roasted meat (or: meat for roasting); for the Antheia and Prerosia: spits for roasting; a bronze vase; (10) the hieropoi and whoever they command are to carry rods. It is not possible to put these writings again to the vote without the presence of hundred demesmen.

(15) Here (i.e. in Paiania?), a piglet; into the Eleusinion, for Daeira, a female lamb, leader-of-the-Prerosia (?); into the Eleusinion, for the Prerosia, an adult female animal, a male piglet; priestly prerogative, (20) a quarter measure; here, a half-quarter measure for the barley grains of the Prerosia, two pigs, one male and one female; priestly prerogative, a quarter measure; here, (25) a half-quarter measure;

Into the Eleusinion, for the Chloia, a pair of piglets, one male and one female; priestly prerogatives, 3 obols.

For the Antheia, (30) a selected pregnant sow, a male piglet; priestly prerogatives, a quarter measure; here, a half-quarter measure. [...]

Face B

[...] priestly prerogative, [a quarter measure ...]; here, a half-quarter measure; for the pre-ploughing [barley grains], (5) two pigs, [one female and one male]; priestly prerogatives, a quarter measure; here, a half-quarter measure; [...] into the Eleusinion [... (10) ...] priestly prerogatives, three (15) [...] (20) priestly prerogatives [...] an adult (animal), 12 drachmae; priestly prerogatives 4 drachmae [...]; an adult female animal, [a piglet?]; [priestly prerogatives], (25) a quarter measure; [here, a half-]quarter measure [...] piglet [... priestly prerogatives], a quarter measure; [here, a half-]quarter (30) measure; into the Eleusinion, for the Chloia, a pair of piglets, one female, one male; priestly prerogatives, 3 obols.

For the priestess of Hekate, whoever sacrifices to Hekate, is to give (35) a thigh, a side; the zakoros [...] bring anoint [...]

Traduction

Face A

[...] si quelqu’un [fait l’une de ces choses], qu’il paie [...] au peuple [...]. (5) Que la prêtresse [... fournisse], pour les Skira et les [Hephaistia ?], des morceaux de viande rôtie (ou de la viande à rôtir); pour les Antheia et les Prerosia, des broches et un vase en bronze; (10) que les hiéropes et ceux à qui ils l’ordonneront portent les baguettes. Qu’il ne soit pas possible de remettre aux voix les prescriptions si cent démotes ne sont pas présents.

(15) Ici (c'est-à-dire à Paiania ?), un porcelet; à l’Éleusinion, pour Daira, une agnelle qui mène la procession des Prerosia (?); à l’Éleusinion, une femelle adulte pour les Prerosia, un porcelet mâle; comme émoluments, (20) un quart; ici, un demi-quart d’orge des Prerosia, deux porcs, un mâle et une femelle; comme émoluments, un quart; ici, (25) un demi-quart.

À l’Éleusinion, pour les Chloia, des porcelets, un mâle et une femelle; comme émoluments, 3 oboles.

Pour les Antheia, (30) une truie pleine sélectionnée, un porcelet mâle; comme émoluments, un quart; ici un demi-quart. [...]

Face B

[...] comme émoluments, [un quart ...]; ici, un demi-quart; pour les orges des Prerosia, (5) deux porcs, [un mâle et une femelle]; comme émoluments, [un quart]; ici, un demi-quart [...]. À l’Éleusinion [... (10) ...] comme émoluments, trois (15) [...] (20) comme émoluments [...] un (animal) adulte, 12 drachmes, comme émoluments 4 drachmes; [...] un animal femelle adulte, [un porcelet ?], [comme émoluments] (25) un quart; [ici un demi-]quart; [...] un porcelet [... comme émoluments] un quart; [ici un demi-]quart; (30) à l’Éleusinion, pour les Chloia, des porcelets, une femelle et un mâle; comme émoluments, 3 oboles.

À la prêtresse d’Hécate, que celui qui sacrifie à Hécate donne (35) une cuisse, une côte; que le zakore (?) [...] apporte enduit [...].

Commentary

The front face (A) of the stele can be identified as such because it seems to preserve the end of a decree of the Paianians concerning sacred duties (lines A1-14), which concludes with an injunction clause (on this type of clause, see Veneciano). This decree is followed by a type of sacrificial account from A15 on, which continues on the other side (B). This part of the document is probably not to be strictly seen as a calendar, as some have argued (cf. also Humphreys), since it may only preserve a loose agricultural or natural sequence. On side A, this is: Prerosia - Chloia - Antheia. That is certainly quite suggestive for a rural Attic deme: first the preparations for the ploughing and this preliminary festival occurs (Prerosia, lit. "Pre-ploughing"), then a celebration of the budding green of plants (Chloia), and finally an occasion concerning the blooming of plants (Antheia, perhaps esp. of barley and wheat). For these festivals, see Parker (Appendix I). But it is not clear what exact chronological sequence this would have presented in the Athenian calendar, since no precise dates are mentioned. Side B may echo this apparent order but also appears less specifically calendrical: the Prerosia is alluded to in B4 and the Chloia is only mentioned much later, in B31. In fact, the list of festivals preserved in the end of the decree on side A lines 6-8, does not appear to be chronological (the Antheia are listed before the Prerosia).

Beyond the provision of sacrificial animals for major rites, part of the main focus of the document appears to be accounting of priestly prerogatives, here called apometra for priestesses (usually payable in kind), or hierosyna (money) in one case (line B 22, overstruck in a rasura; see below). The end of side B, lines 32-36, appears to be solely concerned with priestly prerogatives during a sacrifice to Hekate. The deities mentioned seem to be feminine (Daeira and Hekate) and the festivals likewise belong to female cults (Demeter and Kore: see below on A18-19, 26-28, and 29-32). Some rites are specified as taking place in the Eleusinion, perhaps that of the deme itself (Jameson), or the one in the city of Athens (Humphreys). It may therefore be surmised that the purpose of the account was to specify the particularities and financing of female and agricultural cults in the deme of Paiania.

The repetitive style of the account helps to provide many of the restorations to the badly preserved text on side B, by comparison with side A, but perhaps some of these supplements are not as assured as might seem at first glance. A further piece of the puzzle is the enigmatic deictic in the account: τε̑ιδε, starting in line A15 and passim. Two possible interpretations are: 1) taking this word as the adverbial, "here" (so Humphreys); 2) interpreting it as a female recipient in the dative. Nilsson suggested that τε̑ιδε may designate a priestess and could be a direct reference to the one mentioned explictly in the decree, cf. A5. This is perhaps conceivable, but difficult to reconcile with the sacrifice of a piglet in A15 and the fact that priestly prerogatives are often distinguished in the text from those accorded τε̑ιδε. Sokolowski makes a case for Kourotrophos being the implied female recipient, adducing notably the frequency of this form of sacrifice to the goddess in the calendar of Erchia, CGRN 52 (passim). This is difficult to imagine and would imply that the whole stele somehow implied a reference to the cult of Kourotrophos. It also remains surprising to find half-quarter measures, presumably of grain, given to this figure throughout the account. These are smaller than those which are given as prerogatives for the priestess, probably that of Demeter. If the referent were indeed a goddess, then Demeter herself seems to us a much better option. By contrast, the first interpretation, namely that τε̑ιδε is being used adverbially, has much to recommend it; it is recently espoused by Humphreys. This reading assumes a fairly straightforward point of reference: an implicit place, such as Paiania itself or one of its sanctuaries, in which the stele would have been located, rather than a goddess. It also coheres with its regular pendant in the inscription, the phrase ἐς τὸ Ἐλευσίνιον, which is also spatial (and which implies a verb such as φέρεν). However, the phrase in A15 remains rather underdetermined, since we would then have no idea to which recipient the piglet is being offered. No definitive solution may be possible, since the point of reference which may have been made explicit in the decree partially preserved on side A, and also by the context of the monument, is now lost.

Lines A5-9: This clause probably introduces a series of provisions required of the priestess during certain festivals, namely to provide meat for roasting and cultic equipment for the deme. The Skira was a female festival in honour of Demeter which took place on the 12th of Skirophorion in Athens, cf. also CGRN 78 (Piraeus), line 11. The Hephaistia was a festival for Hephaistos and Athena, of uncertain date; it features torch races and widespread civic participation (IG I³ 82), but perhaps seems out of place in this account: Humphreys, p. 154 with n. 60, follows others in suggesting alternatives. The Antheia is an obscure festival: see below, also on the Prerosia.

Lines A9-11: The carrying of rods seems to entail that the hieropoioi are to act with official insignia and as arbitors (cf. also Humphreys, "marshals").

Line A16: On the cult of Daeira in Attica, see CGRN 56, col. II, line 12 (receiving a pregnant ewe). Here she receives a lamb, which is qualified with the novel adjective πρερόαρχος, presumably implying that this offering inaugurates the Prerosia and "leads the plough", so to speak (cp. the term βόαρχος, for an ox leading a group of sacrificial animals in a procession: CGRN 8, line 5). On the local and obscure character of the goddess, see Parker and LSJ s.v.

Lines A18-19: The Prerosia is pre-ploughing festival of Demeter which is attested in several demes, where it occurred at different times of the Athenian year, usually in the Fall or early Spring: cf. CGRN 94 (Eleusis), line A9; CGRN 32 (Thorikos), lines 5 and 13; as well as in Piraeus CGRN 78, line 10; see also Hsch. s.v. Πρηροσία. It is probable that the adult female sheep is to be sacrificed to Demeter, while the male piglet may be attributed to Kore (who sometimes receives male animals) or another figure.

Lines A26-28: For the Chloaia, see also CGRN 32, line 38; cf. also Hsch. s.v. χλοιά· ἑορτὴ ἀπὸ τῶν καρπῶν. A pair of male and female piglets are to be sacrificed, likely at least the female one for Demeter who normally receives female animals (Kore, by contrast, can receive male ones). This is repeated almost verbatim in B 30-32.

Lines A29-32: The Antheia appear to be another festival in honour of Demeter and perhaps Kore, but is very infrequently attested, cf. CGRN 32, line 44. Demeter is almost assured as the recipient of the pregnant sow, cf. CGRN 156 (Mykonos), line 12 and CGRN 222 (Andania), lines 33 and 68, among many other parallels. On the sacrifice of pregnant animals, see Georgoudi. Again, the male piglet may likely have been offered to Kore or another associated figure.

Lines B21-23: A significant rasura has been used to correct a portion of the account here and some of its contents appear to differ from the remainder of the repetitive account. An adult animal is specified along with possibly its price. Furthermore, instead of the usual mention of apometra, we find hierosyna specified here, probably as a monetary sum which the priestess received to compensate her for her obligations and service; the apometra for the Chloaia are also monetary: 3 obols (A26-28, B31-32). In a forthcoming paper, Takeuchi provides a different interpretation of these lines; in B22, the rasura originally mentioned〚ΔΙΙ ΗΕΡΚ..ΟΙ〛, i.e. Διὶ hε̣ρκ[εί]οι̣ Ι̣[ca. 5/7.]; B23 reads ΙΝΘΕΟΙΝ, i.e. [το]|ῖν Θεοῖν [..ca. 7..], thus introducing the consideration of Demeter and Kore as the apparent recipients of the offerings discussed in the following lines.

Line B33-37: These lines, and perhaps some of the fragmentary ones following, define the perquisites of the priestess of Hekate. This appears to be a brief form of regulation that is appended to the account, and with verbal forms (θύεται, διδόναι, φερει, καταλειφ-) which are not found above. The priestly perquisites given are standard ones in Athens; for the thigh and the side, see esp. CGRN 103, line 5. The remaining fragments appear to mention a zakoros, a temple-attendant (cp. νεωκόρος), as well as perhaps the obligation to anoint something. Takeuchi reads B36-37 as καταλείπεν [κα|ὶ ἔτ]ν̣ος κα̣ὶ̣ ἀ̣θάρες κο̣τ̣[ύλην/λας]. According to this reading, the zakoros would be instructed to leave behind (cups of) soup and gruel for Hekate. For ἔτνος, see also CGRN 7, line A38; for the standard small meals (δείπνα) offered to Hekate, see LSJ s.v. Ἑκάτη (II).

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 25, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 25, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/25/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<TEI xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0" xml:id="CGRN_25" xml:lang="en">
	    <teiHeader>
			<fileDesc>
	    		<titleStmt>
	    			<title><idno type="filename">CGRN 25</idno>: <rs type="textType" key="dossier of regulations">Dossier of regulations</rs> of the Attic deme of Paiania</title>
	    				<author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
	    				<author>Saskia Peels</author>
				</titleStmt>
				<publicationStmt>
					<authority>Collection of Greek Ritual Norms, F.R.S.-FNRS Project no. 2.4561.12, University of Liège.</authority>
					<availability>
						<p>Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License <ref target="http://creativecommons.org/" type="external">4.0</ref>.</p>	
						<p>All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/">http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/</ref> and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).
						</p>
					</availability>
				</publicationStmt>
	<sourceDesc><msDesc><msIdentifier><repository>n/a</repository></msIdentifier>
	<physDesc>
		<objectDesc>
			<supportDesc><support><p>An opisthographic <rs type="objectType" key="stele">stele</rs>, inscribed on two faces, A and B; worn and damaged, but relatively intact except for the top and bottom which are broken.</p>
			<p><dimensions>
					<height unit="cm">81.5</height>
					<width unit="cm">37.3</width>
				 	<depth unit="cm">6.3</depth>
			</dimensions></p>
			</support>
			</supportDesc>
			<layoutDesc><layout>
			<p>Not stoichedon and letters described as "satis inurbanae" by Jameson (i.e. probably not inscribed by an 'official' or professional Athenian cutter), <height unit="mm">1-1.8</height>.</p>
			</layout></layoutDesc>
		</objectDesc>
	</physDesc>
	<history>
		<origin>
			<p><origDate notBefore="-0450" notAfter="-0425">ca. 450-425 BC</origDate></p>
			<p><desc>Justification: lettering (Jameson).</desc></p>
		</origin>
		<provenance><p><placeName type="ancientFindspot" key="Paiania" n="Attica"><ref target="http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/580047" type="external">Paiania</ref></placeName>. Found in the deme near Athens (modern Liopesi). The fragment is now in the Epigraphical Museum in Athens (inv. no. 13263).</p> 
		</provenance> 
	</history>
	</msDesc>
	</sourceDesc>
			</fileDesc>
	    	<encodingDesc><p>Encoded for EpiDoc schema 8.17 on 01-01-2014 by J.M. Carbon.</p>
	    	</encodingDesc>
	    	<profileDesc>
	    		<langUsage>
	    			<language ident="eng">English</language>
	    			<language ident="grc">Ancient Greek</language>
	    			<language ident="lat">Latin</language>
	    			<language ident="fre">French</language>
	    			<language ident="ger">German</language>
	    			<language ident="gre">Modern Greek</language>
	    			<language ident="ita">Italian</language>
	    		</langUsage>
	    		<textClass/>
	    	</profileDesc>
	    	<revisionDesc>
	    		<change>Revised by XX in 20XX.</change>     
	    	</revisionDesc>
	    </teiHeader>
	<facsimile><graphic url="x"><desc/></graphic></facsimile> 
	    <text>
	    	<body>	
				<div type="bibliography">
					<head>Bibliography</head>
					
		<p>Edition here based on Jameson (ap. Lewis) <bibl type="abbr" n="IG I³">IG I³</bibl> 250, with new and improved readings. In lines B 13-14 and 21, the letters or words coming after | were inscribed on the lateral side of the stele, as a marginal continuation of the text. For variant readings in lines B35-37, see Takeuchi.</p> 
					
		<p>Cf. also: 
			Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSS">LSS</bibl> 18.</p>
					
		<p>Further bibliography: 
			<bibl type="author_date" n="Nilsson 1944">Nilsson 1944</bibl>; 
			<bibl type="author_date" n="Georgoudi 1994">Georgoudi 1994</bibl>; 
			<bibl type="author_date" n="Humphreys 2004">Humphreys 2004</bibl>: 154-155, with other detailed comments; 
			<bibl type="author_date" n="Parker 2005a">Parker 2005a</bibl>: 340 with n. 55; 
			<bibl type="author_date" n="Takeuchi 2010-2013">Takeuchi 2010-2013</bibl>: 97-101;
			<bibl type="author_date" n="Veneciano 2014">Veneciano 2014</bibl>.</p>
				</div>
	    		
	    			<div type="edition">
	    				<head>Text</head>
	    				<ab subtype="Face" n="A">
	    					Face A
<lb/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
	   
<lb xml:id="line_A1" n="A1"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="15" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig>ΟΔ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_A2" n="A2"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="12" unit="character" precision="low"/> <w lemma="ἐάν">ἐὰν</w> δέ <w lemma="τις">τ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A3" n="A3" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">ις</supplied></w> <w lemma="οὗτος"><supplied reason="lost">τούτον</supplied></w> <w lemma="τις"><supplied reason="lost">τι</supplied></w> <w lemma="ποιέω"><supplied reason="lost">ποι</supplied>ε̑ι</w> <name type="punishment"><w lemma="τίνω">τινέτο</w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A4" n="A4"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="11" unit="character" precision="low"/> το̑ι <name type="group"><w lemma="δῆμος">δέμο
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A5" n="A5" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">ι</supplied></w></name> <gap reason="lost" quantity="7" unit="character" precision="low"/> <name type="personnel"><w lemma="ἱέρεια"><unclear>h</unclear>ιέρειαν</w></name> <w lemma="παρέχω">πα
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A6" n="A6" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">ρέχεν</supplied></w> <supplied reason="lost"><space quantity="2" unit="character"/></supplied> <name type="festival"><w lemma="Σκίρα"><supplied reason="lost">Σκ</supplied><unclear>ί</unclear>ροισι</w></name> καὶ <name type="festival"><w lemma="Ἡφαίστια">hεφ
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_A7" n="A7" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">ιστίοισι</supplied></w></name> <name type="portion"><w lemma="ὀπτανός"><supplied reason="lost">ὀ</supplied>πτανά</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="festival"><w lemma="Ἄνθεια">Ἀνθεί<supplied reason="lost">ο</supplied>
	    					
	<lb xml:id="line_A8" n="A8" break="no"/>ισι</w></name> καὶ <name type="festival"><w lemma="Πρηρόσια">Πρ<supplied reason="lost">ε</supplied>ροσίοις</w></name> <name type="object"><w lemma="ὀβολός">ὀβολ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A9" n="A9" break="no"/>ὸς</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="object"><w lemma="χαλκίον">χαλκίον</w></name>· <name type="object"><name type="authority"><w lemma="ῥαβδουχέω">ῥαβδοχε̑ν</w></name></name> τὸς
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A10" n="A10"/><name type="personnel"><w lemma="ἱεροποιός"><unclear>h</unclear>ιεροποιὸς</w></name> καὶ hὸς ἂν <w lemma="κελεύω">κελ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A11" n="A11" break="no"/>εύοσιν</w>· τὰ <name type="authority"><w lemma="συγγράφω">χσυγγεγραμμ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A12" n="A12" break="no"/>ένα</w></name> <w lemma="μή">μὲ</w> <w lemma="εἰμί">ἐ̑ναι</w> <w lemma="ἀναψηφίζω">ἀναφσεφίσα<supplied reason="lost">ι</supplied></w>, 
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A13" n="A13"/><w lemma="ἐάν">ἐὰμ</w> <w lemma="μή">μὲ</w> <w lemma="ἑκατόν">hεκατὸν</w> <w lemma="πάρειμι">παρο̑σιν</w>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A14" n="A14"/>το̑ν <name type="group"><w lemma="δημότης">δεμοτο̑ν</w></name> <space extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_A15" n="A15"/><w lemma="ὅδε">τε̑ιδε</w> <name type="animal" key="swine"><name type="age"><w lemma="χοῖρος">χοῖρος</w></name></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="εἰς">ἐς</w> τὸ <name type="structure"><w lemma="Ἐλευσίνιος">Ἐλε<unclear>υ</unclear>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A16" n="A16" break="no"/>σίνιον</w></name> <name type="deity" key="Daeira"><w lemma="Δάειρα">Δαίραι</w></name> <name type="animal" key="sheep"><name type="age"><name type="gender"><w lemma="ἀμνή">ἀμνὲ</w></name></name></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="quality"><w lemma="πρηρόαρχος">πρε
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A17" n="A17" break="no"/>ρόαρχος</w></name> <space quantity="3" unit="character"/> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="εἰς">ἐς</w> τὸ <name type="structure"><w lemma="Ἐλευσίνιος">Ἐλευσί
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A18" n="A18" break="no"/>νιον</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="festival"><w lemma="προηρόσιος">πρεροσίον</w></name> <name type="animal" key="generic"><name type="age"><w lemma="τέλειος">τέλεο<unclear>ν</unclear></w></name></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A19" n="A19"/><name type="gender"><w lemma="θῆλυς">θε̑λυ</w></name> <name type="animal" key="swine"><name type="age"><w lemma="χοῖρος">χοῖρος</w></name></name> <name type="gender"><w lemma="ἄρσην">ἄρρεν</w></name> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <name type="portion"><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον">ἀπόμε
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A20" n="A20" break="no"/>τρα</w></name> <w lemma="τεταρτεύς">τεταρτεύς</w> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="ὅδε">τε̑ιδε</w> <w lemma="ἡμιτέταρτον">hε
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_A21" n="A21" break="no"/>μιτετάρτεον</w> <space quantity="2" unit="character"/> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="festival"><w lemma="προηρόσιος">πρεροσ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A22" n="A22" break="no"/>ιάδον</w></name> <name type="vegetal"><w lemma="κριθή">χριθο̑ν</w></name> <name type="animal" key="swine"><w lemma="ὗς">hύε</w></name> <w lemma="δύο">δύο</w>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A23" n="A23"/><name type="gender"><w lemma="ἄρσην">ἄρρεν</w></name> καὶ <name type="gender"><w lemma="θῆλυς">θέλεια</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="portion"><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον">ἀπόμ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A24" n="A24" break="no"/>ετρα</w></name> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <name type="object"><w lemma="τεταρτεύς">τεταρτεύς</w></name> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <w lemma="ὅδε">τε̑ιδε</w>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A25" n="A25"/><name type="object"><w lemma="ἡμιτέταρτον">hεμιτετάρτεον</w></name> <space extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A26" n="A26"/><w lemma="εἰς">ἐς</w> τὸ <name type="structure"><w lemma="Ἐλευσίνιος">Ἐλευσίνιον</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="festival"><w lemma="χλόϊα">Χλοα
	    					
	<lb xml:id="line_A27" n="A27" break="no"/>ῖα</w></name> <name type="animal" key="swine"><name type="age"><w lemma="χοῖρος">χοίρ<add place="overstrike">ο</add></w></name></name> <name type="gender"><w lemma="ἄρσην">ἄρρεν</w></name> καὶ <name type="gender"><w lemma="θῆλυς">θέλει
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A28" n="A28" break="no"/>α</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="ἀπόμετρον">ἀπόμετρα</w> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="τρεῖς">τρε̑ς</w> <pc>⋮</pc> <num value="3">∣∣∣</num> <space quantity="2" unit="character"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A29" n="A29"/><w lemma="">ἐς</w> <name type="festival"><w lemma="Ἄνθεια">Ἄνθεια</w></name> <name type="animal" key="swine"><w lemma="ὗς">hῦς</w></name> <name type="quality"><w lemma="κριτός">κριτὲ<surplus>ν</surplus></w></name> <space quantity="1" unit="character"/>
	    				
	    					<lb xml:id="line_A30" n="A30"/><name type="quality"><name type="gender"><w lemma="κύω">κύοσα</w></name></name> <name type="animal" key="swine"><name type="age"><w lemma="χοῖρος">χοῖρος</w></name></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="gender"><w lemma="ἄρσην">ἄρρεν</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="portion"><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον">ἀπ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A31" n="A31" break="no"/>όμετρα</w></name> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <w lemma="τεταρτεύς">τεταρτεύς</w> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="ὅδε">τε̑
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A32" n="A32" break="no"/>ιδε</w> <w lemma="ἡμιτέταρτον">hεμιτετάρτεον</w> <space quantity="2" unit="character"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A33" n="A33"/><space quantity="1" unit="line"/>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_A34" n="A34"/><del rend="erasure"><orig><unclear>Γ</unclear>Ε</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ε</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ρ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ο</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="5" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig>Σ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/></del>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A35" n="A35"/><del rend="erasure"><gap reason="lost" quantity="18" unit="character" precision="low"/></del>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_A36" n="A36"/><del rend="erasure"><name type="gender"><w lemma="θῆλυς"><unclear>θ</unclear>έ<unclear>λ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ε</supplied>ι<unclear>α</unclear></w></name> <orig>Ε</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="11" unit="character" precision="low"/></del>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_A37" n="A37"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character"/><orig>ΕΥ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="5" unit="character" precision="low"/> h<gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig>Τ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig>Σ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig>Ε</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/>
	    				<space quantity="1" unit="line"/>
	    				</ab>
	    					<ab subtype="Face" n="B">
	    					Face B
<lb/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B1" n="B1"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character"/>Ε<gap reason="lost" quantity="13" unit="character" precision="low"/> <name type="portion"><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον"><supplied reason="lost">ἀπ</supplied>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B2" n="B2" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">ό</supplied>μετρα</w></name> <w lemma="τεταρτεύς"><supplied reason="lost">τεταρτεύς</supplied></w> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <w lemma="ὅδε"><supplied reason="lost">τε̑ι</supplied>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B3" n="B3" break="no"/>δε</w> <space quantity="1" unit="character"/> <w lemma="ἡμιτέταρτον">hεμιτ<supplied reason="lost">ετάρτεον</supplied></w> <space quantity="2" unit="character"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B4" n="B4"/><name type="festival"><w lemma="προηρόσιος">πρεροσιά<unclear>δ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ον</supplied></w></name> <name type="vegetal"><w lemma="κριθή"><supplied reason="lost">χριθο̑ν</supplied></w></name> <space quantity="1" unit="character"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B5" n="B5"/><name type="animal" key="swine"><w lemma="ὗς">hύε</w></name> <w lemma="δύο">δύο</w> <name type="gender"><w lemma="θῆλυς">θέ<supplied reason="lost">λεια</supplied></w></name> <name type="gender"><w lemma="ἄρσην"><supplied reason="lost">ἄρρεν</supplied></w></name>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B6" n="B6"/><name type="portion"><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον">ἀπόμετρα</w></name> <w lemma="τεταρτεύς"><supplied reason="lost">τεταρτε</supplied>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B7" n="B7" break="no"/><unclear>ύ</unclear>ς</w> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <w lemma="ὅδε">τε̑ιδε</w> <w lemma="ἡμιτέταρτον">hεμ<unclear>ι</unclear><supplied reason="lost">τετάρτε</supplied>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B8" n="B8" break="no"/>ον</w> <unclear>Ε</unclear><gap reason="lost" quantity="13" unit="character" precision="low"/> <w lemma="εἰς"><supplied reason="lost">ἐς</supplied></w>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B9" n="B9"/>τὸ <name type="structure"><w lemma="Ἐλευσίνιος">Ἐλευσίνιο<unclear>ν</unclear></w></name> <gap reason="lost" quantity="6" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B10" n="B10"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Α</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/>Μ<gap reason="lost" quantity="13" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B11" n="B11"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig><unclear>Π</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Δ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="6" unit="character" precision="low"/><add place="overstrike"><orig><unclear>ΟΝΛΕ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/></add>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B12" n="B12"/><orig>Α</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="17" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B13" n="B13"/><orig><unclear>Λ</unclear>Υ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig><unclear>Ε</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig>Λ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig><unclear>Ρ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/> <w lemma="ἀπόμετρον"><add place="overstrike"><supplied reason="lost">ἀ</supplied>πόμ</add>|ετρα</w>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B14" n="B14"/>h<orig>ΕΚ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="15" unit="character" precision="low"/>| <w lemma="τρεῖς">τρε̑ς</w>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B15" n="B15"/><orig>ΤΕ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="16" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B16" n="B16"/><orig>Α<unclear>Ι</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig>Ε</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="13" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B17" n="B17"/><orig><unclear>Ρ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="17" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B18" n="B18"/><orig>Ε<unclear>ΙΦ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="15" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B19" n="B19"/><orig>Ε</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="17" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B20" n="B20"/><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον">ἀπό<unclear>μ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ετρ</supplied><unclear>α</unclear></w> <gap reason="lost" quantity="10" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B21" n="B21"/><orig>ον</orig> <pc>⋮</pc> <gap reason="lost" quantity="6" unit="character" precision="low"/><del rend="erasure"><gap reason="lost" quantity="8" unit="character" precision="low"/></del> <name type="animal" key="generic"><name type="age"><w lemma="τέλειος"><add place="overstrike">τέ</add>|<unclear>λ</unclear>εον</w></name></name>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B22" n="B22"/><add place="overstrike"><num value="12">Δ<unclear>U+10142U+10142</unclear></num>
<name type="personnel"><w lemma="ἱερωσύνη"><unclear>hιε</unclear>ρ<supplied reason="lost">ε</supplied><unclear>όσ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">υνα</supplied></w></name> <supplied reason="lost"><num value="4">U+10142U+10142U+10142U+10142</num></supplied></add>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B23" n="B23"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig>ΝΘ<unclear>ΕΟΙΛ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="7" unit="character" precision="low"/> <name type="animal" key="generic"><name type="age"><w lemma="τέλειος"><supplied reason="lost">τέλε</supplied>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B24" n="B24" break="no"/>ον</w></name></name> <name type="gender"><w lemma="θῆλυς"><unclear>θε̑</unclear><supplied reason="lost">λυ</supplied></w></name> <name type="animal" key="swine"><name type="age"><w lemma="χοῖρος"><supplied reason="lost">χοῖρος (?)</supplied></w></name></name> <name type="portion"><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον"><supplied reason="lost">ἀπόμετρ</supplied>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B25" n="B25" break="no"/>α</w></name> <w lemma="τεταρτεύς"><supplied reason="lost">τε</supplied><unclear>τ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">αρτεύς</supplied></w> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <w lemma="ὅδε"><supplied reason="lost">τε̑ιδε</supplied></w> <w lemma="ἡμιτέταρτον"><supplied reason="lost">hεμι</supplied>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B26" n="B26" break="no"/>τε<unclear>τάρ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">τε</supplied>ο<supplied reason="lost">ν</supplied></w> <gap reason="lost" quantity="10" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B27" n="B27"/>h<orig>υ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>ο</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="9" unit="character" precision="low"/> <name type="animal" key="swine"><name type="age"><w lemma="χοῖρος"><unclear>χ</unclear>ο<supplied reason="lost">ῖ</supplied>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B28" n="B28" break="no"/>ρο<supplied reason="lost">ς</supplied></w></name></name> <gap reason="lost" quantity="4" unit="character" precision="low"/> <name type="portion"><w lemma="ἀπόμετρον"><supplied reason="lost">ἀπόμετρα</supplied></w></name> <w lemma="τεταρτεύς">τε
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B29" n="B29" break="no"/>ταρ<supplied reason="lost">τεύς</supplied></w> <supplied reason="lost"><pc>⋮</pc></supplied> <w lemma="ὅδε"><supplied reason="lost">τε̑ιδε</supplied></w> <w lemma="ἡμιτέταρτον"><unclear>h</unclear><supplied reason="lost">εμι</supplied>τετ
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B30" n="B30" break="no"/>άρτ<unclear>εο</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ν</supplied></w> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="εἰς"><supplied reason="lost">ἐς</supplied></w> <supplied reason="lost">τὸ</supplied> <name type="structure"><w lemma="Ἐλευσίνιος"><supplied reason="lost">Ἐλ</supplied><unclear>ε</unclear>υσίνιον</w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B31" n="B31"/><name type="festival"><w lemma="χλόϊα">Χλο<unclear>α</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ῖα</supplied></w></name> <name type="animal" key="swine"><name type="age"><w lemma="χοῖρος"><supplied reason="lost">χοί</supplied>ρ<unclear>ο</unclear></w></name></name> <name type="gender"><w lemma="θῆλυς">θ<unclear>έ</unclear>λεια</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="gender"><w lemma="ἄρσην">ἄρρε
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B32" n="B32" break="no"/>ν</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="ἀπόμετρον">ἀπό<supplied reason="lost">με</supplied>τρα</w> <pc>⋮</pc> <w lemma="τρεῖς">τρε̑ς</w> <pc>⋮</pc> <num value="3">∣∣∣</num> <space quantity="3" unit="character"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B33" n="B33"/><name type="deity" key="Hekate"><w lemma="Ἑκάτη">hεκάτες</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="personnel"><w lemma="">hιερείαι</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> hο̑ν ἂν τ
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B34" n="B34" break="no"/>ε̑ι <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="deity" key="Hekate"><w lemma="Ἑκάτη">hεκάτει</w></name> <name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω">θύεται</w></name> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="portion"><w lemma="δίδωμι">διδόνα<supplied reason="lost">ι</supplied></w></name>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B35" n="B35"/><name type="portion"><w lemma="κωλῆ"><supplied reason="lost">κ</supplied>ολε̑ν</w></name>, <name type="portion"><w lemma="πλευρόν">πλευρόν</w></name> <space quantity="2" unit="character"/> <pc>⋮</pc> <name type="personnel"><w lemma="ζάκορος">ζακορε</w></name><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B36" n="B36"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig>ΟΣΑΝ</orig> <w lemma="φέρω">φερει</w> <name type="sacrifice"><name type="liquid"><w lemma="καταλείβω">κατα<unclear>λ</unclear>ειφε</w></name></name><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_B37" n="B37"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="4" unit="character"/><orig>Ο<unclear>ΣΙΜ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Α</unclear>ΘΑΡΕΣ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig>Ο</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_B38" n="B38"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="13" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig><unclear>Μ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="4" unit="character" precision="low"/>
	    				
<lb/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
	    				</ab>
	    			</div>

	    		<div type="translation" xml:lang="eng">
					<head>Translation</head>
					
	    				<p>Face A </p>
<p>[...] if someone does [one of these things], let him pay [...] to the people [...] (5) the priestess provides, for the Skira and [Hephaistia?]: roasted meat (or: meat for roasting); for the Antheia and Prerosia: spits for roasting; a bronze vase; (10) the <foreign>hieropoi</foreign> and whoever they command are to carry rods. It is not possible to put these writings again to the vote without the presence of hundred demesmen.</p>
	    				
<p>(15) Here (i.e. in Paiania?), a piglet; into the Eleusinion, for Daeira, a female lamb, leader-of-the-Prerosia (?); into the Eleusinion, for the Prerosia, an adult female animal, a male piglet; priestly prerogative, (20) a quarter measure; here, a half-quarter measure for the barley grains of the Prerosia, two pigs, one male and one female; priestly prerogative, a quarter measure; here, (25) a half-quarter measure; </p>
	    				
<p>Into the Eleusinion, for the Chloia, a pair of piglets, one male and one female; priestly prerogatives, 3 obols.</p>
	    				
<p>For the Antheia, (30) a selected pregnant sow, a male piglet; priestly prerogatives, a quarter measure; here, a half-quarter measure. [...]</p>
	    				
	    			<p>Face B</p>
	    				
<p>[...] priestly prerogative, [a quarter measure ...]; here, a half-quarter measure; for the pre-ploughing [barley grains], (5) two pigs, [one female and one male]; priestly prerogatives, a quarter measure; here, a half-quarter measure; [...] into the Eleusinion [... (10) ...] priestly prerogatives, three (15) [...] (20) priestly prerogatives [...] an adult (animal), 12 drachmae; priestly prerogatives 4 drachmae [...]; an adult female animal, [a piglet?]; [priestly prerogatives], (25) a quarter measure; [here, a half-]quarter measure [...] piglet [... priestly prerogatives], a quarter measure; [here, a half-]quarter (30) measure; into the Eleusinion, for the Chloia, a pair of piglets, one female, one male; priestly prerogatives, 3 obols.</p>
	    			
<p>For the priestess of Hekate, whoever sacrifices to Hekate, is to give (35) a thigh, a side; the <foreign>zakoros</foreign> [...] bring anoint [...]</p>
						
	    			</div>
				<div type="translation" xml:lang="fre">
					<head>Traduction </head>
					
					<p>Face A</p>
<p>[...] si quelqu’un [fait l’une de ces choses], qu’il paie [...] au peuple [...]. (5) Que la prêtresse [... fournisse], pour les Skira et les [Hephaistia ?], des morceaux de viande rôtie (ou de la viande à rôtir); pour les Antheia et les Prerosia, des broches et un vase en bronze; (10) que les hiéropes et ceux à qui ils l’ordonneront portent les baguettes. Qu’il ne soit pas possible de remettre aux voix les prescriptions si cent démotes ne sont pas présents. </p>
					
<p>(15) Ici (c'est-à-dire à Paiania ?), un porcelet; à l’Éleusinion, pour Daira, une agnelle qui mène la procession des Prerosia (?); à l’Éleusinion, une femelle adulte pour les Prerosia, un porcelet mâle; comme émoluments, (20) un quart; ici, un demi-quart d’orge des Prerosia, deux porcs, un mâle et une femelle; comme émoluments, un quart; ici, (25) un demi-quart. </p>
					
<p>À l’Éleusinion, pour les Chloia, des porcelets, un mâle et une femelle; comme émoluments, 3 oboles. </p>
					
<p>Pour les Antheia, (30) une truie pleine sélectionnée, un porcelet mâle; comme émoluments, un quart; ici un demi-quart. [...]</p>
					
						<p>Face B</p>
<p>[...] comme émoluments, [un quart ...]; ici, un demi-quart; pour les orges des Prerosia, (5) deux porcs, [un mâle et une femelle]; comme émoluments, [un quart]; ici, un demi-quart [...]. À l’Éleusinion [... (10) ...] comme émoluments, trois (15) [...] (20) comme émoluments [...] un (animal) adulte, 12 drachmes, comme émoluments 4 drachmes; [...] un animal femelle adulte, [un porcelet ?], [comme émoluments] (25) un quart; [ici un demi-]quart; [...] un porcelet [... comme émoluments] un quart; [ici un demi-]quart; (30) à l’Éleusinion, pour les Chloia, des porcelets, une femelle et un mâle; comme émoluments, 3 oboles. </p>
					
<p>À la prêtresse d’Hécate, que celui qui sacrifie à Hécate donne (35) une cuisse, une côte; que le zakore (?) [...] apporte enduit [...].</p>
					
				</div>
					<div type="commentary">    
						<head>Commentary</head>    
<p>The front face (A) of the stele can be identified as such because it seems to preserve the end of a decree of the Paianians concerning sacred duties (lines A1-14), which concludes with an injunction clause (on this type of clause, see Veneciano). This decree is followed by a type of sacrificial account from A15 on, which continues on the other side (B). This part of the document is probably not to be strictly seen as a calendar, as some have argued (cf. also Humphreys), since it may only preserve a loose agricultural or natural sequence. On side A, this is: Prerosia - Chloia - Antheia. That is certainly quite suggestive for a rural Attic deme: first the preparations for the ploughing and this preliminary festival occurs (Prerosia, lit. "Pre-ploughing"), then a celebration of the budding green of plants (Chloia), and finally an occasion concerning the blooming of plants (Antheia, perhaps esp. of barley and wheat). For these festivals, see Parker (Appendix I). But it is not clear what exact chronological sequence this would have presented in the Athenian calendar, since no precise dates are mentioned. Side B may echo this apparent order but also appears less specifically calendrical: the Prerosia is alluded to in B4 and the Chloia is only mentioned much later, in B31. In fact, the list of festivals preserved in the end of the decree on side A lines 6-8, does not appear to be chronological (the Antheia are listed before the Prerosia). </p>
						
<p>Beyond the provision of sacrificial animals for major rites, part of the main focus of the document appears to be accounting of priestly prerogatives, here called <foreign>apometra</foreign> for priestesses (usually payable in kind), or <foreign>hierosyna</foreign> (money) in one case (line B 22, overstruck in a rasura; see below). The end of side B, lines 32-36, appears to be solely concerned with priestly prerogatives during a sacrifice to Hekate. The deities mentioned seem to be feminine (Daeira and Hekate) and the festivals likewise belong to female cults (Demeter and Kore: see below on A18-19, 26-28, and 29-32). Some rites are specified as taking place in the Eleusinion, perhaps that of the deme itself (Jameson), or the one in the city of Athens (Humphreys). It may therefore be surmised that the purpose of the account was to specify the particularities and financing of female and agricultural cults in the deme of Paiania. </p>
						
<p>The repetitive style of the account helps to provide many of the restorations to the badly preserved text on side B, by comparison with side A, but perhaps some of these supplements are not as assured as might seem at first glance. A further piece of the puzzle is the enigmatic deictic in the account: τε̑ιδε, starting in line A15 and <foreign>passim</foreign>. Two possible interpretations are: 1) taking this word as the adverbial, "here" (so Humphreys); 2) interpreting it as a female recipient in the dative. Nilsson suggested that τε̑ιδε may designate a priestess and could be a direct reference to the one mentioned explictly in the decree, cf. A5. This is perhaps conceivable, but difficult to reconcile with the sacrifice of a piglet in A15 and the fact that priestly prerogatives are often distinguished in the text from those accorded τε̑ιδε. Sokolowski makes a case for Kourotrophos being the implied female recipient, adducing notably the frequency of this form of sacrifice to the goddess in the calendar of Erchia, <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_52/">CGRN 52</ref> (<foreign>passim</foreign>). This is difficult to imagine and would imply that the whole stele somehow implied a reference to the cult of Kourotrophos. It also remains surprising to find half-quarter measures, presumably of grain, given to this figure throughout the account. These are smaller than those which are given as prerogatives for the priestess, probably that of Demeter. If the referent were indeed a goddess, then Demeter herself seems to us a much better option. By contrast, the first interpretation, namely that τε̑ιδε is being used adverbially, has much to recommend it; it is recently espoused by Humphreys. This reading assumes a fairly straightforward point of reference: an implicit place, such as Paiania itself or one of its sanctuaries, in which the stele would have been located, rather than a goddess. It also coheres with its regular pendant in the inscription, the phrase ἐς τὸ Ἐλευσίνιον, which is also spatial (and which implies a verb such as φέρεν). However, the phrase in A15 remains rather underdetermined, since we would then have no idea to which recipient the piglet is being offered. No definitive solution may be possible, since the point of reference which may have been made explicit in the decree partially preserved on side A, and also by the context of the monument, is now lost.</p>

<p>Lines A5-9: This clause probably introduces a series of provisions required of the priestess during certain festivals, namely to provide meat for roasting and cultic equipment for the deme. The Skira was a female festival in honour of Demeter which took place on the 12th of Skirophorion in Athens, cf. also <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_78/">CGRN 78</ref> (Piraeus), line 11. The Hephaistia was a festival for Hephaistos and Athena, of uncertain date; it features torch races and widespread civic participation (<bibl type="abbr" n="IG I³">IG I³</bibl> 82), but perhaps seems out of place in this account: Humphreys, p. 154 with n. 60, follows others in suggesting alternatives. The Antheia is an obscure festival: see below, also on the Prerosia.</p>
							
<p>Lines A9-11: The carrying of rods seems to entail that the <foreign>hieropoioi</foreign> are to act with official insignia and as arbitors (cf. also Humphreys, "marshals").</p>
							
<p>Line A16: On the cult of Daeira in Attica, see <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_56/">CGRN 56</ref>, col. II, line 12 (receiving a pregnant ewe). Here she receives a lamb, which is qualified with the novel adjective πρερόαρχος, presumably implying that this offering inaugurates the Prerosia and "leads the plough", so to speak (cp. the term βόαρχος, for an ox leading a group of sacrificial animals in a procession: <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_8/">CGRN 8</ref>, line 5). On the local and obscure character of the goddess, see Parker and <bibl type="abbr" n="LSJ">LSJ</bibl> s.v.</p>
							
<p>Lines A18-19: The Prerosia is pre-ploughing festival of Demeter which is attested in several demes, where it occurred at different times of the Athenian year, usually in the Fall or early Spring: cf. <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_94/">CGRN 94</ref> (Eleusis), line A9; <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_32/">CGRN 32</ref> (Thorikos), lines 5 and 13; as well as in Piraeus <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_78/">CGRN 78</ref>, line 10; see also Hsch. s.v. Πρηροσία. It is probable that the adult female sheep is to be sacrificed to Demeter, while the male piglet may be attributed to Kore (who sometimes receives male animals) or another figure.</p>
							
<p>Lines A26-28: For the Chloaia, see also <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_32/">CGRN 32</ref>, line 38; cf. also Hsch. s.v. χλοιά· ἑορτὴ ἀπὸ τῶν καρπῶν. A pair of male and female piglets are to be sacrificed, likely at least the female one for Demeter who normally receives female animals (Kore, by contrast, can receive male ones). This is repeated almost verbatim in B 30-32.</p>
							
<p>Lines A29-32: The Antheia appear to be another festival in honour of Demeter and perhaps Kore, but is very infrequently attested, cf. <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_32/">CGRN 32</ref>, line 44. Demeter is almost assured as the recipient of the pregnant sow, cf. <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_156/">CGRN 156</ref> (Mykonos), line 12 and <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_222/">CGRN 222</ref> (Andania), lines 33 and 68, among many other parallels. On the sacrifice of pregnant animals, see Georgoudi. Again, the male piglet may likely have been offered to Kore or another associated figure.</p>

<p>Lines B21-23: A significant rasura has been used to correct a portion of the account here and some of its contents appear to differ from the remainder of the repetitive account. An adult animal is specified along with possibly its price. Furthermore, instead of the usual mention of <foreign>apometra</foreign>, we find <foreign>hierosyna</foreign> specified here, probably as a monetary sum which the priestess received to compensate her for her obligations and service; the <foreign>apometra</foreign> for the Chloaia are also monetary: 3 obols (A26-28, B31-32). In a forthcoming paper, Takeuchi provides a different interpretation of these lines; in B22, the rasura originally mentioned〚ΔΙΙ ΗΕΡΚ..ΟΙ〛, i.e. Διὶ hε̣ρκ[εί]οι̣ Ι̣[ca. 5/7.]; B23 reads ΙΝΘΕΟΙΝ, i.e. [το]|ῖν Θεοῖν [..ca. 7..], thus introducing the consideration of Demeter and Kore as the apparent recipients of the offerings discussed in the following lines.</p>
							
<p>Line B33-37: These lines, and perhaps some of the fragmentary ones following, define the perquisites of the priestess of Hekate. This appears to be a brief form of regulation that is appended to the account, and with verbal forms (θύεται, διδόναι, φερει, καταλειφ-) which are not found above.  The priestly perquisites given are standard ones in Athens; for the thigh and the side, see esp. <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_103/">CGRN 103</ref>, line 5. The remaining fragments appear to mention a <foreign>zakoros</foreign>, a temple-attendant (cp. νεωκόρος), as well as perhaps the obligation to anoint something. Takeuchi reads B36-37 as καταλείπεν [κα|ὶ ἔτ]ν̣ος κα̣ὶ̣ ἀ̣θάρες κο̣τ̣[ύλην/λας]. According to this reading, the <foreign>zakoros</foreign> would be instructed to leave behind (cups of) soup and gruel for Hekate. For ἔτνος, see also <ref target="CGRN_7">CGRN 7</ref>, line A38; for the standard small meals (δείπνα) offered to Hekate, see <bibl type="abbr" n="LSJ">LSJ</bibl> s.v. Ἑκάτη (II).</p>
							
					</div>
			</body>
    	</text>
	</TEI>