CGRN 116

Excerpt from the sacrificial calendar at Lindos (concerning Dionysus)

Date :

ca. 300-200 BC

Justification: lettering (Hiller von Gaertringen).

Provenance

Lindos . Found rebuilt into a house in Gennadi.

Support

Small stele of Lartian marble, apparently intact.

  • Height: 30 cm
  • Width: 22 cm
  • Depth: 8 cm

Layout

Letters: 22 mm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Hiller von Gaertringen IG XII.5 906, with dr.

Cf. also: von Prott LGS I 24; Sokolowski LSCG 141.

Further bibliography: Segre 1951; Badoud 2015: 11-35; Iversen 2017: 192-197; Carbon forthc.

Text


vacat
γCριανίου ἐνάται
ἐξ ἰκάδος Διονύ-
σωι
ἔριφος. vacat

Translation

On the 22nd of Agrianios, (sacrifice) a kid to Dionysus.

Traduction

Le 22 Agrianios, (offrir) un chevreau à Dionysos.

Commentary

The inscription is one of a large number of extracts from a sacrificial calendar inscribed or recodified in the late Classical or early Hellenistic period and disseminated at various local sanctuaries, presumably as punctual reminders and short regulations in and of themselves (for the early beginning of such excerpts, cf. the closely parallel CGRN 62 and CGRN 63, both from Lindos). The excerpts perhaps come from the general sacrificial calendar of the unified city of Rhodes or perhaps equally probably from that of Lindos itself. See e.g. CGRN 115 for further examples from Lindos; e.g. CGRN 110 for others from Kamiros. For a general discussion of these excerpts, see Segre and Carbon forthc.

Here, though the findspot is not precisely known, we may think of a sanctuary to Dionysus (apparently) without epithet, in the chora of Lindos. The excerpt from the calendar is extremely terse, preventing us from further identifying its point of reference: furthermore, goats were often sacrificed to Dionysus: cp. e.g. CGRN 32 (Thorikos), lines 33-34, and CGRN 86 A (Kos), lines 58-59. For sacrifices to other gods performed by the priest of Dionysus at Kamiros, cf. CGRN 113, but these probably took place during the Sminthia (in the month Sminthios). Here, the date is known but the precise occasion remains unclear. In the reconstruction of the Rhodian calendar refined by Badoud and generally adopted here (for a different view, see Iversen), Agrianios was the 10th month (ca. May/June).

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 116, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 116, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/116/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

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	    				<author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
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					<p>Edition here based on Hiller von Gaertringen <bibl type="abbr" n="IG XII.5">IG XII.5</bibl> 906, with dr.</p>
				    <p>Cf. also: von Prott <bibl type="abbr" n="LGS I">LGS I</bibl> 24; Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSCG">LSCG</bibl> 141.</p>
					<p>Further bibliography: <bibl type="author_date" n="Segre 1951">Segre 1951</bibl>; <bibl type="author_date" n="Badoud 2015">Badoud 2015</bibl>: 11-35; <bibl type="author_date" n="Iversen 2017">Iversen 2017</bibl>: 192-197; <bibl type="author_date" n="Carbon forthc.">Carbon forthc.</bibl></p>
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	    				<lb/><space extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
	    					
	    					<lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/><name type="month"><w lemma="Ἀγριάνιος">Ἀ<choice><corr>γ</corr><sic>C</sic></choice>ριανίου</w></name> <w lemma="ἔνατος">ἐνάται</w>
	    						
<lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/><w lemma="ἐκ">ἐξ</w> <w lemma="εἰκάς">ἰκάδος</w> <name type="deity" key="Dionysus"><w lemma="Διόνυσος">Διονύ	    						
	<lb xml:id="line_3" n="3" break="no"/>σωι</w></name> <name type="animal" key="goat"><name type="age"><name type="gender"><w lemma="ἔριφος">ἔριφος</w></name></name></name>. <space quantity="1" unit="line"/>
	    					
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					<p>
					On the 22nd of Agrianios, (sacrifice) a kid to Dionysus.
					</p>
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					<head>Traduction</head>
					<p>
					Le 22 Agrianios, (offrir) un chevreau à Dionysos.
					</p>
				</div>
					<div type="commentary">    
						<head>Commentary</head>    

						
<p>The inscription is one of a large number of extracts from a sacrificial calendar inscribed or recodified in the late Classical or early Hellenistic period and disseminated at various local sanctuaries, presumably as punctual reminders and short regulations in and of themselves (for the early beginning of such excerpts, cf. the closely parallel <ref target="CGRN_62">CGRN 62</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_63">CGRN 63</ref>, both from Lindos). The excerpts perhaps come from the general sacrificial calendar of the unified city of Rhodes or perhaps equally probably from that of Lindos itself. See e.g. <ref target="CGRN_115">CGRN 115</ref> for further examples from Lindos; e.g. <ref target="CGRN_110">CGRN 110</ref> for others from Kamiros. For a general discussion of these excerpts, see Segre and Carbon forthc.</p>
							
						<p>Here, though the findspot is not precisely known, we may think of a sanctuary to Dionysus (apparently) without epithet, in the <foreign>chora</foreign> of Lindos. The excerpt from the calendar is extremely terse, preventing us from further identifying its point of reference: furthermore, goats were often sacrificed to Dionysus: cp. e.g. <ref target="CGRN_32">CGRN 32</ref> (Thorikos), lines 33-34, and <ref target="CGRN_86">CGRN 86</ref> A (Kos), lines 58-59. For sacrifices to other gods performed by the priest of Dionysus at Kamiros, cf. <ref target="CGRN_113">CGRN 113</ref>, but these probably took place during the Sminthia (in the month Sminthios). Here, the date is known but the precise occasion remains unclear. In the reconstruction of the Rhodian calendar refined by Badoud and generally adopted here (for a different view, see Iversen), Agrianios was the 10th month (ca. May/June). </p>

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