CGRN 114

Excerpt from the sacrificial calendar at Kamiros (concerning sacrifices to Apollo Pedageitnyos)

Date :

ca. 300-200 BC

Justification: early to mid-Hellenistic lettering (Pugliese Carratelli).

Provenance

Kamiros , on the island of Rhodes. Now in the Museum of Rhodes.

Support

Small marble stele, broken above and below (in the latter case, to the lefthand side).

  • Height: 19 cm
  • Width: 18.5 cm
  • Depth: 6 cm

Layout

Letters: 1.4 cm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Pugliese Carratelli Tit.Cam. 155, with ph. fig. 114.

Cf. also: Sokolowski LSS 102.

Further bibliography: Segre 1951; Badoud 2015: 11-35; Iversen 2017: 192-197; Carbon forthc.

Text


[Πεδαγειτνύου]
ἑβδ[όμαι]
Ἀπόλλ[ωνι]
Πεδαγε[ιτνύωι]
5[ὗ]ν ἰεροπο[ιοὶ]
[θύ]οντι
[....c.7...]ΤΑΜΕ
[....c.7...]ΥΜΑ
[....c.7...]ΚΑ
[..?..]

Translation

On the 7th of [Pedageitnyos]: a [pig] to Apollo Pedageitnyos; the hieropoioi sacrifice it. [...]

Traduction

Le 7 [Pedageitnyos] : un [porc] à Apollon Pedageitnyos; les hiéropes le sacrifient. [...]

Commentary

The inscription is one of a large number of extracts from a sacrificial calendar inscribed or recodified in the late Classical or early Hellenistic period and disseminated at various local sanctuaries, presumably as punctual reminders and short regulations in and of themselves (for the early beginning of such excerpts, cf. here CGRN 62 and CGRN 63, both from Lindos). The excerpts perhaps come from the general sacrificial calendar of the unified city of Rhodes or perhaps equally probably from that of Kamiros itself. See e.g. CGRN 110 for further examples from Kamiros; e.g. CGRN 115 for others from Lindos. For a general discussion of these excerpts, see Segre and Carbon forthc.

The excerpt here concerns rites for Apollo Pedageitnyos, who shares his epithet with the name of the month. One occasion is missing in the fragmentary lines below, but the first one occurs on the 7th of the month Pedageitnyos: the sacred day for Apollo. In the reconstruction of the Rhodian calendar refined by Badoud (for a different view, see Iversen), Pedageitnyos is identified as the 6th month (ca. January/February), but the order of the winter months in the Rhodian calendar remains particularly uncertain. The sacrificial animal offered to the god was probably an adult male pig (a sheep, [οἶ]ν, might also be possible, though the lacuna is perhaps not large enough). It is possible that the festival envisaged here is the Pedageitnia. The origins of the word Pedageitnyos suggest that it was a celebration involving emigration (θυσίαν ἐπώνυμον ... τοῦ μετοικισμοῦ, Plu. Moralia 2.601b) and the structure of a civic, and/or of a sub-civic community (in the reference to 'neighbours'). For the probably corresponding festival called the Metageitnia in Ionian cities (in Athens taking place on the 7th of the month Metageitnion), cf. CGRN 84, lines 89-90 (genos of the Salaminioi in Attica), and CGRN 201 (Miletos), lines 20-21.

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 114, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 114, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/114/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

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	    				<author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
	    				<author>Saskia Peels</author>
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			<p>Edition here based on Pugliese Carratelli <bibl type="abbr" n="Tit.Cam.">Tit.Cam.</bibl> 155, with ph. fig. 114.</p>
			<p>Cf. also: Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSS">LSS</bibl> 102.</p>
					<p>Further bibliography: <bibl type="author_date" n="Segre 1951">Segre 1951</bibl>; <bibl type="author_date" n="Badoud 2015">Badoud 2015</bibl>: 11-35; <bibl type="author_date" n="Iversen 2017">Iversen 2017</bibl>: 192-197; <bibl type="author_date" n="Carbon forthc.">Carbon forthc.</bibl></p>
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<lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/><name type="month"><w lemma="Πεδαγείτνυος"><supplied reason="lost">Πεδαγειτνύου</supplied></w></name>	
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/><w lemma="ἕβδομος">ἑβδ<supplied reason="lost">όμαι</supplied></w>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_3" n="3"/><name type="deity" key="Apollo"><w lemma="Ἀπόλλων">Ἀπόλλ<supplied reason="lost">ωνι</supplied></w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_4" n="4"/><name type="epithet" key="Pedageitnyos"><w lemma="Πεδαγείτνυος">Πεδαγε<supplied reason="lost">ιτνύωι</supplied></w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_5" n="5"/><name type="animal" key="swine"><w lemma="ὗς"><supplied reason="lost">ὗ</supplied>ν</w></name> <name type="personnel"><w lemma="ἱεροποιός">ἰεροπο<supplied reason="lost">ιοὶ</supplied></w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_6" n="6"/><name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω"><supplied reason="lost">θύ</supplied><unclear>ο</unclear>ντι</w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_7" n="7"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="7" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig>ΤΑΜΕ</orig>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_8" n="8"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="7" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig>ΥΜΑ</orig>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_9" n="9"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="7" unit="character" precision="low"/><orig><unclear>Κ</unclear>Α</orig>
	    					
<lb/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
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					<head>Translation</head>
					<p>
						On the 7th of [Pedageitnyos]: a [pig] to Apollo Pedageitnyos; the <foreign>hieropoioi</foreign> sacrifice it. [...]
					</p>
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					<head>Traduction</head>
					<p>
						Le 7 [Pedageitnyos] : un [porc] à Apollon Pedageitnyos; les hiéropes le sacrifient. [...]
					</p>
				</div>
					<div type="commentary">    
						<head>Commentary</head>    
						
<p>The inscription is one of a large number of extracts from a sacrificial calendar inscribed or recodified in the late Classical or early Hellenistic period and disseminated at various local sanctuaries, presumably as punctual reminders and short regulations in and of themselves (for the early beginning of such excerpts, cf. here <ref target="CGRN_62">CGRN 62</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_63">CGRN 63</ref>, both from Lindos). The excerpts perhaps come from the general sacrificial calendar of the unified city of Rhodes or perhaps equally probably from that of Kamiros itself. See e.g. <ref target="CGRN_110">CGRN 110</ref> for further examples from Kamiros; e.g. <ref target="CGRN_115">CGRN 115</ref> for others from Lindos. For a general discussion of these excerpts, see Segre and Carbon forthc.</p>

<p>The excerpt here concerns rites for Apollo Pedageitnyos, who shares his epithet with the name of the month. One occasion is missing in the fragmentary lines below, but the first one occurs on the 7th of the month Pedageitnyos: the sacred day for Apollo. In the reconstruction of the Rhodian calendar refined by Badoud (for a different view, see Iversen), Pedageitnyos is identified as the 6th month (ca. January/February), but the order of the winter months in the Rhodian calendar remains particularly uncertain. The sacrificial animal offered to the god was probably an adult male pig (a sheep, [οἶ]ν, might also be possible, though the lacuna is perhaps not large enough). It is possible that the festival envisaged here is the Pedageitnia. The origins of the word Pedageitnyos suggest that it was a celebration involving emigration (θυσίαν ἐπώνυμον ... τοῦ μετοικισμοῦ, Plu. <title>Moralia</title> 2.601b) and the structure of a civic, and/or of a sub-civic community (in the reference to 'neighbours'). For the probably corresponding festival called the Metageitnia in Ionian cities (in Athens taking place on the 7th of the month Metageitnion), cf. <ref target="CGRN_84">CGRN 84</ref>, lines 89-90 (<foreign>genos</foreign> of the Salaminioi in Attica), and <ref target="CGRN_201">CGRN 201</ref> (Miletos), lines 20-21.</p>	
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