CGRN 112

Excerpt from the sacrificial calendar at Kamiros (concerning a sacrifice to Phama)

Date :

ca. 300-200 BC

Justification: early to mid-Hellenistic lettering (Pugliese Carratelli).

Provenance

Kamiros , on the island of Rhodes. Perhaps from the acropolis of Kamiros (see below, Commentary). Now in the Museum of Rhodes.

Support

Small fragment of a marble stele, broken on all sides, except for a small portion of the top and right sides respectively.

  • Height: 14.5 cm
  • Width: 12 cm
  • Depth: 5.3 cm

Layout

Letters: 1.1 cm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Pugliese Carratelli Tit.Cam. 150, with ph. fig. 110.

Cf. also: Sokolowski LSS 100.

Further bibliography: Segre 1951; Detienne 2003; Badoud 2015: 11-35; Iversen 2017: 192-197; Carbon forthc.

Text


[Θε]σμοφορί[ου]
[δεκ]άται Φάμαι
[ἀ]μνὰν
[ἰεροπ]οιοὶ
5[θύοντ]ι.

Translation

On the 10th of Thesmophorios, a female lamb to Phama; the hieropoioi sacrifice it.

Traduction

Le 10 Thesmophorios, à Phama une agnelle; les hiéropes la sacrifient.

Commentary

The inscription is one of a large number of extracts from a sacrificial calendar inscribed or recodified in the late Classical or early Hellenistic period and disseminated at various local sanctuaries, presumably as punctual reminders and short regulations in and of themselves (for the early beginning of such excerpts, cf. here CGRN 62 and CGRN 63, both from Lindos). The excerpts perhaps come from the general sacrificial calendar of the unified city of Rhodes or perhaps equally probably from that of Kamiros itself. See e.g. CGRN 110 for further examples from Kamiros; e.g. CGRN 115 for others from Lindos. For a general discussion of these excerpts, see Segre and Carbon forthc.

The present excerpt is a short prescription for a sacrifice to the goddess Phama, occurring on the tenth day of the second month of the Rhodian calendar, Thesmophorios (ca. September/October), according to the reconstruction of the Rhodian calendar refined by Badoud and generally adopted here (for a different view, see Iversen). The sacrifice is presumably to take place at a specific location where the stele was erected in Kamiros, perhaps the acropolis, and is to be accomplished by the local ἱεροποιοί. Φήμη is already personified in Hesiod (Op. 761-764, cf. Detienne), where it is written 'θεός νύ τίς ἐστι καὶ αὐτή' in a passage that emphasizes the persistence of malicious gossip about one's person. More generally, φήμη also had positive connotations, and appears to have represented the power of both human and divine speech, whether in the political sphere or in the realm of oracles and other divine messages. She had a cult at Kamiros, see also Tit.Cam. 131 (a small altar of the goddess, found on the acropolis and dating to the Roman period). See also the joint priesthood of Zeus Phemios and Athena Phemia at Erythrai (LSAM 25), and cf. here the cult of Hestia Phamia on Kos, CGRN 86 A, line 29, and CGRN 151, line 8.

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 112, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 112, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/112/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

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	    			<author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
	    			<author>Saskia Peels</author>
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					<head>Bibliography</head>
			<p>Edition here based on Pugliese Carratelli <bibl type="abbr" n="Tit.Cam.">Tit.Cam.</bibl> 150, with ph. fig. 110.</p>
			<p>Cf. also: Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSS">LSS</bibl> 100.</p>
					<p>Further bibliography: <bibl type="author_date" n="Segre 1951">Segre 1951</bibl>; <bibl type="author_date" n="Detienne 2003">Detienne 2003</bibl>; <bibl type="author_date" n="Badoud 2015">Badoud 2015</bibl>: 11-35; <bibl type="author_date" n="Iversen 2017">Iversen 2017</bibl>: 192-197; <bibl type="author_date" n="Carbon forthc.">Carbon forthc.</bibl></p>
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	    				<head>Text</head>
	    				<ab>	
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/><name type="month"><w lemma="Θεσμοφόριος"><supplied reason="lost">Θε</supplied>σμοφορί<supplied reason="lost">ου</supplied></w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/><w lemma="δέκατος"><supplied reason="lost">δεκ</supplied>άται</w> <name type="deity" key="Pheme"><w lemma="φήμη">Φάμαι</w></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_3" n="3"/><name type="animal" key="sheep"><name type="age"><name type="gender"><w lemma="ἀμνή"><supplied reason="lost">ἀ</supplied>μνὰν</w></name></name></name>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_4" n="4"/><name type="personnel"><w lemma="ἱεροποιός"><supplied reason="lost">ἰεροπ</supplied>οιοὶ</w></name>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_5" n="5"/><name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω"><supplied reason="lost">θύοντ</supplied>ι</w></name>.
	    					
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					<head>Translation</head>
					<p>
						On the 10th of Thesmophorios, a female lamb to Phama; the <foreign>hieropoioi</foreign> sacrifice it.  
					</p>
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					<head>Traduction</head>
					<p>
						Le 10 Thesmophorios, à Phama une agnelle; les hiéropes la sacrifient.
					</p>
				</div>
					<div type="commentary">    
						<head>Commentary</head>    
						
<p>The inscription is one of a large number of extracts from a sacrificial calendar inscribed or recodified in the late Classical or early Hellenistic period and disseminated at various local sanctuaries, presumably as punctual reminders and short regulations in and of themselves (for the early beginning of such excerpts, cf. here <ref target="CGRN_62">CGRN 62</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_63">CGRN 63</ref>, both from Lindos). The excerpts perhaps come from the general sacrificial calendar of the unified city of Rhodes or perhaps equally probably from that of Kamiros itself. See e.g. <ref target="CGRN_110">CGRN 110</ref> for further examples from Kamiros; e.g. <ref target="CGRN_115">CGRN 115</ref> for others from Lindos. For a general discussion of these excerpts, see Segre and Carbon forthc.</p>					
												
<p>The present excerpt is a short prescription for a sacrifice to the goddess Phama, occurring on the tenth day of the second month of the Rhodian calendar, Thesmophorios (ca. September/October), according to the reconstruction of the Rhodian calendar refined by Badoud and generally adopted here (for a different view, see Iversen). The sacrifice is presumably to take place at a specific location where the stele was erected in Kamiros, perhaps the acropolis, and is to be accomplished by the local ἱεροποιοί. Φήμη is already personified in Hesiod (<title>Op.</title> 761-764, cf. Detienne), where it is written 'θεός νύ τίς ἐστι καὶ αὐτή' in a passage that emphasizes the persistence of malicious gossip about one's person. More generally, φήμη also had positive connotations, and appears to have represented the power of both human and divine speech, whether in the political sphere or in the realm of oracles and other divine messages. She had a cult at Kamiros, see also <bibl type="abbr" n="Tit.Cam.">Tit.Cam.</bibl> 131 (a small altar of the goddess, found on the acropolis and dating to the Roman period). See also the joint priesthood of Zeus Phemios and Athena Phemia at Erythrai (<bibl type="abbr" n="LSAM">LSAM</bibl> 25), and cf. here the cult of Hestia Phamia on Kos, <ref target="CGRN_86">CGRN 86</ref> A, line 29, and <ref target="CGRN_151">CGRN 151</ref>, line 8. </p>
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