Glossary item Definition
adyton the innermost part of a sanctuary, literally “not to be entered”.
apometra priestly emoluments, literally “measured out”.
architheoros head of a state embassy; see also theoria, theoros.
archontes the presiding magistrates of a city.
basileus a chief religious magistrate; in Athens, one of the nine archontes, magistrate in command of religious matters.
choinix a dry measure of capacity, ca. 1.1 l.
chous a liquid measure of capacity, ca. 3.3 l.
demarchos the chief official of a people (demos) or deme.
demiourgoi major officials of a city, most often found in Dorian states.
epimenioi officials temporarily appointed for a year or a specific occasion (literally “monthly officials”).
epistates the president of a board or assembly; in Athens chosen daily by lot from the prytaneis.
euthyna a public examination of the conduct of officials
euthynos a public examiner overseeing the examination of accounts which every public official rendered when going out of office; see also logistai.
genos a set of families or individuals who identified themselves as a group; such a group additionally had a specific plural name denoting kinship, whether of a geographical character or implying descent from a common ancestor.
gynaikonomos the supervisor of women.
gymnasiarchos the official in charge of a gymnasium.
hekteus a dry measure of capacity, a sixth part of the medimnos, ca. 8.7 l.
hemiekteus (hemisykteus) a dry measure of capacity, half of a hekteus, ca. 4.4 l.
hieromnemones religious officials whose functions varied widely, whether as record-keepers or managers of sacred matters.
hieronomos a temple-warden; see also neokoros.
hieropoios an overseer of temples and performer of sacred rites.
hierothytai literally ‘sacred sacrificers’, probably analogous in function to the hieropoios.
horistai officials appointed to supervise boundaries and to settle related disputes.
kolakretai Athenian officials in charge of the state treasury.
kotyle a liquid or dry measure of capacity, ca. 272.8 ml.
logistai auditors, responsible for the accounts of magistrates going out of office; see also euthyna, euthynos.
mastros a financial official, important in some cities.
medimnos a dry measure of capacity, ca. 52.4 l.
megaron (megara) pits sacred to Demeter and Persephone for making offerings (such as of piglets during the Thesmophoria).
metoikos a “metic” or foreign resident in Greek cities, who did not have the full status of a citizen.
neokoros an official custodian or caretaker, in charge of a sanctuary’s infrastructure.
neopoios an official, literally “in charge of constructing a temple”, but often having very varied administrative and sacred functions; see also hieropoios.
oikos a household or a (occasionally cultic) building.
oxybathon a liquid or dry measure of capacity, ca. 68.2 ml.
patra a familial group; see also genos.
pentekostys literally a military body of fifty people or a ‘fiftieth’ division, also employed as a term for a subvision of a city or deme.
perioikoi people neighbouring a city, but typically non-citizens.
phyle a tribe, one of the main subdivisions of a city or other group.
poletai officials who farmed out taxes and other revenues, sold confiscated property, and entered into contracts for public works.
proedria the privilege of receiving a front seat at public games, in theatres, and in public assemblies.
prospermia a form of ritual sprinkling with grain.
prostates the president or presiding officer of a body.
prytanis a president of the Boule, the civic council, usually serving alongside fellow prytaneis; in Athens, these were a group of fifty men chosen by lot from each of the ten phylai, and each group served as prytanis for one-tenth of the year.
stephanephoroi the title of certain magistrates who had the right to wear crowns when in office, often priests who served as eponymous officials of the city.
strategos the leader or commander of an army, a general.
theokolos i.e. a kind of priest, literally “the servant of a god”.
theoria the sending of a state and sacred embassy to an oracle or to games.
theorodokos an individual who receives and hosts theoroi.
theoroi sacred ambassadors sent by a city as its representatives, for instance to consult a distant oracle, to attend major festivals or to offer sacrifices at a distant shrine.
theoxenia the ritual of entertaining a god or gods by setting out a meal; for this purpose, a table was spread and a banqueting couch laid out for the divine guests; the meal would eventually be shared by the priest and/or worshippers.
thiasos a group of worshippers in a cult.
timouchos the name of a magistrate in certain Greek cities.
triakas an association of thirty persons (or families) as a part of a deme.
trittoia / trittua the sacrifice of three animals, often an ox followed by pig and a sheep.
trittys in Athens, a body comprising a third of the phyle.
zakoros an attendant in a temple; see neokoros.
monarchos title of the principal official on the island of Kos, literally "monarch" or "sole ruler".