CGRN 73

Small sacrificial regulation for Hestia at Halimous

Date :

4th century BC

Justification: lettering (Curbera).

Provenance

Halimous . Now in the Epigraphical Museum in Athens (inv. no. 12688).

Support

Plaque of Pentelic marble. Original contours intact.

  • Height: 6 cm
  • Width: 19 cm
  • Depth: 18 cm

Layout

Letters: line 1: 1.2 cm high; line 2: 0.7 cm high

Bibliography

Edition here based on Kyparissis - Peek 1941: 195-196 no. 3. See now Curbera IG II³ 4, 1778.

Cf. also: Ziehen LGS II 22; Sokolowski LSS 21; SEG 21, 813.

Further bibiography: Stengel 1910: 222-233; Kearns 2011.

Text


Ἑστίας·
θύειν τρεῖς ἑβδόμους [β]ο[ς].

Translation

(Altar) of Hestia. Sacrifice three crescent-shaped cakes.

Traduction

(Autel) d’Hestia. Sacrifier trois gâteaux en forme de croissant.

Commentary

The document should be considered part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. CGRN 53 and CGRN 54) found otherwise in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities.

Line 1: Ἑστίας. This inscription starts with the name of the god in the genitive (like, probably, CGRN 72, Athens), indicating that the altar is dedicated to the divinity in question or that this is the place of the cult of the god in question. The cult of Hestia is attested in Athens, Piraeus and Echelidai (Kyparissis - Peek, p. 196).

Line 2: The ἑβδόμους βοῦς was a type of cake. Cf. Ziehen, p. 77, and Stengel. Such offerings were brought to Apollo, Artemis, Hekate, Selene (Pollux 6.76). Cp. CGRN 133 and CGRN 134 (both from Athens) with further discussion.

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the DOI (https://doi.org/10.54510/CGRN73), as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details on how to cite or click “Export Citation” to create a reference for this specific file).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels
  • Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

Brief citation of the Greek text : CGRN 73, lines x-x.

Reference to the file as a critical study of the inscription : Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Saskia Peels et Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge, "CGRN 73: Small sacrificial regulation for Hestia at Halimous", in Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), 2017-, consulted on April 19, 2024. URL: http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/file/73/; DOI: https://doi.org/10.54510/CGRN73.

Full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following : Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Saskia Peels-Matthey, Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), 2017-, consulted on April 19, 2024. URL: http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be; DOI: https://doi.org/10.54510/CGRN0.

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                <p>Edition here based on <bibl type="author_date" n="Kyparissis - Peek 1941">Kyparissis - Peek 1941</bibl>: 195-196 no. 3. See now Curbera <bibl type="abbr" n="IG  II³">IG II³</bibl> 4, 1778.</p>
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                    Ziehen <bibl type="abbr" n="LGS II">LGS II</bibl> 22; 
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                <p> Further bibiography: <bibl type="author_date" n="Stengel 1910">Stengel 1910</bibl>: 222-233; <bibl type="author_date" n="Kearns 2011">Kearns 2011</bibl>. </p>
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                    <lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/> <name type="deity" key="Hestia"><w lemma="ἑστία">Ἑστίας</w></name>·
                    <lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/> <name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω">θύειν</w></name> <w lemma="τρεῖς">τρεῖς</w> <name type="bakery"><w lemma="ἕβδομος">ἑβδόμους</w> <w lemma="βοῦς"><supplied reason="lost">β</supplied>ο<unclear>ῦ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ς</supplied></w></name>.
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                    (Altar) of Hestia. Sacrifice three crescent-shaped cakes.
                    
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                    (Autel) d’Hestia.
                    Sacrifier trois gâteaux en forme de croissant.
                </p>
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                    The document should be considered part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. <ref target="CGRN_53">CGRN 53</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_54">CGRN 54</ref>) found otherwise in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities. </p>
                    <p> Line 1: Ἑστίας. This inscription starts with the name of the god in the genitive (like, probably, <ref target="CGRN_72">CGRN 72</ref>, Athens), indicating that the altar is dedicated to the divinity in question or that this is the place of the cult of the god in question. The cult of Hestia is attested in Athens, Piraeus and Echelidai (Kyparissis - Peek, p. 196).</p>
                    <p> Line 2: The ἑβδόμους βοῦς was a type of cake. Cf. Ziehen, p. 77, and Stengel. Such offerings were brought to Apollo, Artemis, Hekate, Selene (Pollux 6.76). Cp. <ref target="CGRN_133">CGRN 133</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_134">CGRN 134</ref> (both from Athens) with further discussion.
    
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