CGRN 73

Small sacrificial regulation for Hestia at Halimous

Date :

4th or 3rd century BC

Justification: lettering.

Provenance

Halimous . Now in the Epigraphical Museum in Athens (inv. no. 12688).

Support

Plaque of Pentelic marble. Original contours intact.

  • Height: 6 cm
  • Width: 19 cm
  • Depth: 18 cm

Layout

Letters: line 1: 1.2 cm high; line 2: 0.7 cm high

Bibliography

Edition here based on Kyparissis - Peek 1941: 195-196 no. 3.

Cf. also: Ziehen LGS II 22; Sokolowski LSS 21; SEG 21, 813.

Further bibiography: Stengel 1910: 222-233; Kearns 2011.

Text


Ἑστίας·
θύειν τρεῖς ἑβδόμους [β]ο[ς].

Translation

(Altar) of Hestia. Sacrifice three crescent-shaped cakes.

Traduction

(Autel) d’Hestia. Sacrifier trois gâteaux en forme de croissant.

Commentary

The document should be considered part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. CGRN 53 and CGRN 54) found otherwise in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities.

Line 1: Ἑστίας. This inscription starts with the name of the god in the genitive (like, probably, CGRN 72, Athens), indicating that the altar is dedicated to the divinity in question or that this is the place of the cult of the god in question. The cult of Hestia is attested in Athens, Piraeus and Echelidai (Kyparissis - Peek, p. 196).

Line 2: The ἑβδόμους βοῦς was a type of cake. Cf. Ziehen, p. 77, and Stengel. Such offerings were brought to Apollo, Artemis, Hekate, Selene (Pollux 6.76). Cp. CGRN 133 and CGRN 134 (both from Athens) with further discussion.

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 73, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 73, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/73/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

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                <p>Edition here based on <bibl type="author_date" n="Kyparissis - Peek 1941">Kyparissis - Peek 1941</bibl>: 195-196 no. 3. </p>
                <p> Cf. also:                     
                    Ziehen <bibl type="abbr" n="LGS II">LGS II</bibl> 22; 
                    Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSS">LSS</bibl> 21;
                    <bibl type="abbr" n="SEG">SEG</bibl> 21, 813.
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                <p> Further bibiography: <bibl type="author_date" n="Stengel 1910">Stengel 1910</bibl>: 222-233; <bibl type="author_date" n="Kearns 2011">Kearns 2011</bibl>. </p>
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                    <lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/> <name type="deity" key="Hestia"><w lemma="ἑστία">Ἑστίας</w></name>·
                    <lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/> <name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω">θύειν</w></name> <w lemma="τρεῖς">τρεῖς</w> <name type="bakery"><w lemma="ἕβδομος">ἑβδόμους</w> <w lemma="βοῦς"><supplied reason="lost">β</supplied>ο<unclear>ῦ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ς</supplied></w></name>.
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                <p>
                    (Altar) of Hestia. Sacrifice three crescent-shaped cakes.
                    
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                <head>Traduction </head>
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                    (Autel) d’Hestia.
                    Sacrifier trois gâteaux en forme de croissant.
                </p>
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            <div type="commentary">    
                <head>Commentary</head>    
                <p>              
                    The document should be considered part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. <ref target="CGRN_53">CGRN 53</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_54">CGRN 54</ref>) found otherwise in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities. </p>
                    <p> Line 1: Ἑστίας. This inscription starts with the name of the god in the genitive (like, probably, <ref target="CGRN_72">CGRN 72</ref>, Athens), indicating that the altar is dedicated to the divinity in question or that this is the place of the cult of the god in question. The cult of Hestia is attested in Athens, Piraeus and Echelidai (Kyparissis - Peek, p. 196).</p>
                    <p> Line 2: The ἑβδόμους βοῦς was a type of cake. Cf. Ziehen, p. 77, and Stengel. Such offerings were brought to Apollo, Artemis, Hekate, Selene (Pollux 6.76). Cp. <ref target="CGRN_133">CGRN 133</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_134">CGRN 134</ref> (both from Athens) with further discussion.
    
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