CGRN 59

Small rupestral sacrificial regulation for the Nymphs from Thera

Date :

ca. 400-300 BC

Justification: lettering (Hiller von Gaertringen).

Provenance

Thera , near the south entrance of the temple of Apollo; see Hiller von Gaertringen for further details.

Support

Rupestral (rock-cut) inscription.

  • Height: n/a
  • Width: n/a
  • Depth: n/a

Layout

Letters, lines 1-2: 4-7.5 cm high; line 3: 2-5.5 cm high, thus likely indicating that line 3 was added a posteriori.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Hiller von Gaertringen IG XII.3 378.

Cf. also: Ziehen LGS II 125; Sokolowski LSCG 132.

Further bibliography: Larson 2001.

Text


vacat
Ὑλλέων
Νύμφαι.
vv δοιαί· οὐκ ἀποφορά.
vacat

Translation

Of the Hylleis, Nymphs: twofold (offerings). No take-away.

Traduction

Des Hylleis, les Nymphes : (offrandes) doubles. Ne pas emporter.

Commentary

This cult-site of the Nymphs of the Dorian tribe of the Hylleis was identified by a rock-cut inscription on the south-east flank of the hill on which the city of Thera was situated. Many rupestral inscriptions were found in this area between the temple of Apollo Karneios and the gymnasium. The Hylleis were one of the three principal Dorian tribes, deriving their name from Hylas, son of Heracles (for the Hylleis, see here CGRN 86 A, Kos, line 12). Close by another, damaged inscription was found in which a sacrifice to the nymphs of the Dymanes seems to be prescribed: IG XII.3 377. The Dymanes were another one of the three main tribes. For a discussion of the cult of the Nymphs on Thera, see Larson. For further evidence on the cult of the Nymphs, cf. e.g. here CGRN 17 (Thasos). For other sacrificial prescriptions on a rock-cut inscription from Thera, see CGRN 47. Compare also the cult of the Nymphs of the genticilial group of the Pyrrhakidai on Delos: ID 67.

Line 3: Hiller von Gaetringen comments on the word δοιαί: Victimarum, non Nympharum numerus indicatur. Indeed, while the latter is conceivable, the former is more likely given the additional prescription of "no take-away". But note that the two interpretations are not mutually exclusive: perhaps the specification was both that there were two principal Nymphs at the cult-site and that these received a twin sacrifice of female animals or another form of "twofold sacrifice". The mention of such "twofold offerings" nonetheless remains unusual and enigmatic, though the Nymphs of the Dymanes also may have received a double sacrifice (now missing, but qualified with the number β', cf. again IG XII.3 377). The specification of "no take-away", indicating that sacrifices must be consumed on the spot, occurs regularly, cf. here, among many other examples, CGRN 52 (Erchia), passim, and the commentary to lines 10-12 at CGRN 32 (Thorikos).

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 59, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 59, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/59/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

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	    				<author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
	    				<author>Saskia Peels</author>
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				    <p>Edition here based on Hiller von Gaertringen <bibl type="abbr" n="IG XII.3">IG XII.3</bibl> 378.</p>
					<p> Cf. also: Ziehen <bibl type="abbr" n="LGS II">LGS II</bibl> 125; Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSCG">LSCG</bibl> 132.</p>
				    <p>Further bibliography: <bibl type="author_date" n="Larson 2001">Larson 2001</bibl>.</p>
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				Of the Hylleis, Nymphs: twofold (offerings). No take-away.
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				Des Hylleis, les Nymphes : (offrandes) doubles. Ne pas emporter.
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<p> This cult-site of the Nymphs of the Dorian tribe of the Hylleis was identified by a rock-cut inscription on the south-east flank of the hill on which the city of Thera was situated. Many rupestral inscriptions were found in this area between the temple of Apollo Karneios and the gymnasium. The Hylleis were one of the three principal Dorian tribes, deriving their name from Hylas, son of Heracles (for the Hylleis, see here <ref target="CGRN_86">CGRN 86</ref> A, Kos, line 12). Close by another, damaged inscription was found in which a sacrifice to the nymphs of the Dymanes seems to be prescribed: <bibl type="abbr" n="IG XII.3">IG XII.3</bibl> 377. The Dymanes were another one of the three main tribes. For a discussion of the cult of the Nymphs on Thera, see Larson. For further evidence on the cult of the Nymphs, cf. e.g. here <ref target="CGRN_17">CGRN 17</ref> (Thasos). For other sacrificial prescriptions on a rock-cut inscription from Thera, see <ref target="CGRN_47">CGRN 47</ref>. Compare also the cult of the Nymphs of the genticilial group of the Pyrrhakidai on Delos: <bibl type="abbr" n="ID">ID</bibl> 67.</p> 
						
<p>Line 3: Hiller von Gaetringen comments on the word δοιαί: <foreign>Victimarum, non Nympharum numerus indicatur</foreign>. Indeed, while the latter is conceivable, the former is more likely given the additional prescription of "no take-away". But note that the two interpretations are not mutually exclusive: perhaps the specification was both that there were two principal Nymphs at the cult-site and that these received a twin sacrifice of female animals or another form of "twofold sacrifice". The mention of such "twofold offerings" nonetheless remains unusual and enigmatic, though the Nymphs of the Dymanes also may have received a double sacrifice (now missing, but qualified with the number β', cf. again <bibl type="abbr" n="IG XII.3">IG XII.3</bibl> 377). The specification of "no take-away", indicating that sacrifices must be consumed on the spot, occurs regularly, cf. here, among many other examples, <ref target="CGRN_52">CGRN 52</ref> (Erchia), <foreign>passim</foreign>, and the commentary to lines 10-12 at <ref target="CGRN_32">CGRN 32</ref> (Thorikos).</p>
	
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