CGRN 53

Small sacrificial regulation for the Moirai at Piraeus

Date :

4th century BC

Justification: by analogy to CGRN 54.

Provenance

Piraeus . Now in the Museum of Piraeus.

Support

Upper part of a small block of Pentelic marble. The inscription is complete.

  • Height: unknown
  • Width: unknown
  • Depth: unknown

Layout

Stoichedon. The letters have been engraved with care.

Letters: 1.2 cm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Kirchner IG II² 4971.

Other editions: Foucart 1883: 68; IG II 1662; Curbera IG II³ 4, 1776.

Cf. also: Ziehen LGS II 19; Sokolowski LSCG 22.

Further bibliography: Bruit Zaidman 2005: 38; Pirenne-Delforge - Pironti 2011.

Text


Μοίραις
vacat
ἀρεστῆρας
ΙΙΙ ﹕ κηρία ﹕ ΙΙΙ
5 vacat

Translation

To the Moirai. Propitiatory cakes: three. Honeycombs: three.

Traduction

Aux Moires. Gâteaux propitiatoires : trois. Rayons de miel : trois.

Commentary

This text, found at Piraeus, is part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. CGRN 54) found in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities. Two previously unpublished inscriptions, now IG II³ 4, 1774 and 1777, are virtually identical to this inscription, coming from the same place and concerning the same divinities.

The offerings of the cake called ἀρεστήρ and honeycomb often go together. CGRN 95, found at Athens, prescribes an ἀρεσ[τῆ]ρα and a κηρίον for Mnemosyne; CGRN 54, Face B, lines 1-8, found at Piraeus, prescribes an ἀρεστῆρ[α] and a κηρίον for Helios and Mnemosyne; CGRN 87, found on Samos, prescribes ἀρεστῆρας and κηρία for Kourotrophos and Hermes. The name of the cake called ἀρεστήρ is derived from the verb ἀρέσκω "to appease, conciliate" and should be seen as a propitiatory gesture. Bruit Zaidman explains that honey has an 'appeasing' function too. Cf. CGRN 87, Commentary, for a divergent interpretation of ἀρεστήρ and κηρίον in this type of cultic context.

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the DOI (https://doi.org/10.54510/CGRN53), as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details on how to cite or click “Export Citation” to create a reference for this specific file).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels
  • Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

Brief citation of the Greek text : CGRN 53, lines x-x.

Reference to the file as a critical study of the inscription : Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Saskia Peels et Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge, "CGRN 53: Small sacrificial regulation for the Moirai at Piraeus", in Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), 2017-, consulted on May 28, 2024. URL: http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/file/53/; DOI: https://doi.org/10.54510/CGRN53.

Full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following : Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Saskia Peels-Matthey, Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), 2017-, consulted on May 28, 2024. URL: http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be; DOI: https://doi.org/10.54510/CGRN0.

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                <p> Edition here based on Kirchner <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II²">IG II²</bibl> 4971.</p>
                <p> Other editions:
                    <bibl type="author_date" n="Foucart 1883">Foucart 1883</bibl>: 68;
                    <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II">IG II</bibl> 1662; Curbera <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II³">IG II³</bibl> 4, 1776.</p>
                
                <p> Cf. also:
                    Ziehen <bibl type="abbr" n="LGS II">LGS II</bibl> 19; 
                    Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSCG">LSCG</bibl> 22.</p>
                
                <p> Further bibliography:
                    <bibl type="author_date" n="Bruit Zaidman 2005">Bruit Zaidman 2005</bibl>: 38; <bibl type="author_date" n="Pirenne-Delforge - Pironti 2011">Pirenne-Delforge - Pironti 2011</bibl>.</p>
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                    <lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/> <name type="deity" key="Moirai"><w lemma="μοῖρα">Μοίραις</w></name>
                    
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                    <lb xml:id="line_3" n="3"/> <name type="bakery"><w lemma="ἀρεστήρ">ἀρεστῆρας</w></name>
                    
                    <lb xml:id="line_4" n="4"/> <num value="3"><unclear>Ι</unclear>ΙΙ</num> <pc>﹕</pc> <name type="liquid"><name type="vegetal"><w lemma="κηρίον">κηρία</w></name></name> <pc>﹕</pc> <num value="3">ΙΙΙ</num>
                    
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                   To the Moirai. Propitiatory cakes: three. Honeycombs: three.
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                    Aux Moires. Gâteaux propitiatoires : trois. Rayons de miel : trois.
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<p> This  text, found at Piraeus, is part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. <ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_54">CGRN 54</ref>) found in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities. Two previously unpublished inscriptions, now <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II³">IG II³</bibl> 4, 1774 and 1777, are virtually identical to this inscription, coming from the same place and concerning the same divinities.</p>
                
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