CGRN 135

Small sacrificial regulation from Athens

Date :

3rd or 2nd century BC

Justification: lettering (Kirchner).

Provenance

Athens . Found on the southern slope of the acropolis.

Support

Rectangular altar of Pentelic marble, broken above.

  • Height: unknown
  • Width: 65 cm
  • Depth: 42 cm

Layout

No description available.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Kirchner IG II² 4988. We only print intelligible letter-traces. For further description of lettertraces, cf. IG II² 4988.

Other edition: IG II 1667.

Cf. also: Ziehen LGS II 23; Sokolowski LSCG 27.

Text


[..?..]
[..?..]ο[.]ο
[..?.. ἀρεστῆρα] καὶ κηρίον.

Translation

[... one appeasing cake] and a honey-comb.

Traduction

[... un gâteau propitiatoire] et un rayon de miel.

Commentary

This third- or second-century altar, is part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. CGRN 53 and CGRN 54) found in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities. We can make sense of this fragmentary inscription by its resemblance to the other inscriptions in this group. Perhaps the inscription started (line 1) with the name of a divinity in the genitive (as in CGRN 77 or CGRN 134), expressing that this is the divinity's cult or altar, or in the dative (as in CGRN 53 and CGRN 54 B), indicating the deity as indirect object. The lettertraces on the first preserved line, curved traces showing the lower part of a round letter are probably omicrons (with one space between them). The appeasing cake ἀρεστήρ seems the most likely restoration (so Ziehen), since it occurs in combination with a κηρίον in CGRN 53 and CGRN 95. Hence we do not follow Sokolowski, who supplies the word [μ]ο̣[ν]ό̣[μφαλα] (cp. CGRN 77 and CGRN 134).

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 135, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 135, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/135/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2017]).

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                <author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
                <author>Saskia Peels</author>
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                        <p><origDate notBefore="-0300" notAfter="-0100">3rd or 2nd century BC</origDate></p>
                        <p><desc>Justification: lettering (Kirchner). </desc></p>
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                <p> Edition here based on Kirchner <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II²">IG II²</bibl> 4988. We only print intelligible letter-traces. For further description of lettertraces, cf. <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II²">IG II²</bibl> 4988. </p>
                <p> Other edition:
                    <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II">IG II</bibl> 1667.</p>
                <p> Cf. also:
                    Ziehen <bibl type="abbr" n="LGS II">LGS II</bibl> 23; 
                    Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSCG">LSCG</bibl> 27.
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                    <lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/> <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <name type="bakery"><w lemma="ἀρεστήρ"><supplied reason="lost">ἀρεστῆρα</supplied></w></name> καὶ <name type="liquid"><name type="vegetal"><w lemma="κηρίον">κηρίον</w></name></name>.
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                   [... one appeasing cake] and a honey-comb.
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                <head>Traduction</head>
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                   [... un gâteau propitiatoire] et un rayon de miel.
                    
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                <head>Commentary</head>    
                <p>This third- or second-century altar, is part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. <ref target="CGRN_53">CGRN 53</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_54">CGRN 54</ref>) found in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities. We can make sense of this fragmentary inscription by its resemblance to the other inscriptions in this group. Perhaps the inscription started (line 1) with the name of a divinity in the genitive (as in <ref target="CGRN_77">CGRN 77</ref> or <ref target="CGRN_134">CGRN 134</ref>), expressing that this is the divinity's cult or altar, or in the dative (as in <ref target="CGRN_53">CGRN 53</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_54">CGRN 54</ref> B), indicating the deity as indirect object. The lettertraces on the first preserved line, curved traces showing the lower part of a round letter are probably <foreign>omicrons</foreign> (with one space between them). The appeasing cake ἀρεστήρ seems the most likely restoration (so Ziehen), since it occurs in combination with a κηρίον in <ref target="CGRN_53">CGRN 53</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_95">CGRN 95</ref>. Hence we do not follow Sokolowski, who supplies the word [μ]ο̣[ν]ό̣[μφαλα] (cp. <ref target="CGRN_77">CGRN 77</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_134">CGRN 134</ref>). 
                    
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