CGRN 134

Small sacrificial regulation for Heracles at Athens

Date :

3rd or 2nd century BC

Justification: lettering (Kirchner).

Provenance

Athens . Found on the southern slope of the acropolis. Ziehen supposes that it may have belonged to the Asklepieion.

Support

Rectangular altar of Pentelic marble.

  • Height: 53 cm
  • Width: 65 cm
  • Depth: 40 cm

Layout

Letters:

Line 1: 2.2 cm high

Line 2: 1.5 cm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Kirchner IG II² 4986.

Other edition: IG II 1665.

Cf. also: Ziehen LGS II 21; Sokolowski LSCG 24.

Further bibliography: Kearns 2011.

Text


Ἡρακλέως·
vacat
θύειν τρία μονόμφαλα.

Translation

(Altar) of Heracles. Sacrifice three cakes with one knob.

Traduction

(Autel) d’Héraclès. Sacrifier trois gâteaux à une seule bosse.

Commentary

This third- or second-century altar is part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. CGRN 53 and CGRN 54) found in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities.

Line 1: This inscription starts with the name of the god in the genitive (like e.g. CGRN 72), indicating that the altar is dedicated to the divinity in question or that this is the place of the cult of the god in question.

Line 3: μονόμφαλα sc. πόπανα refer to cakes with a single knob or boss. They are attested in CGRN 77 (recipients unclear), CGRN 135 (recipient unknown), in Athens, and at Samos (CGRN 87), in which one should prepare for Κουροτρόφος and Hermes, μονόμφαλα, and other cakes. Perhaps the use of θύειν (by contrast to some of the mentioned parallel regulations, where no verb is used) implies that the cakes should be burnt in this case.

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 134, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 134, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/134/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

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                <author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
                <author>Saskia Peels</author>
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                <p> Edition here based on Kirchner <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II²">IG II²</bibl> 4986.</p>
                <p> Other edition:
                <bibl type="abbr" n="IG II">IG II</bibl> 1665.</p>
                <p> Cf. also:
                    Ziehen <bibl type="abbr" n="LGS II">LGS II</bibl> 21; 
                    Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSCG">LSCG</bibl> 24. 
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                <p> Further bibliography: 
                    <bibl type="author_date" n="Kearns 2011">Kearns 2011</bibl>.
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                    <lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/> <name type="deity" key="Heracles"><w lemma="Ἡρακλέης">Ἡρακλέως</w></name>·
                    
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                    <lb xml:id="line_3" n="3"/> <name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω">θύειν</w></name> <w lemma="τρεῖς">τρία</w> <name type="bakery"><w lemma="μονόμφαλος">μονόμφαλα</w></name>.
                    
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                <p>
                    (Altar) of Heracles. 
                    Sacrifice three cakes with one knob. 
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                <head>Traduction </head>
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                    (Autel) d’Héraclès.
                    Sacrifier trois gâteaux à une seule bosse.
                    
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                <head>Commentary</head>    
                <p> This third- or second-century altar is part of a group of mostly short inscriptions (cf. e.g. <ref target="CGRN_53">CGRN 53</ref> and <ref target="CGRN_54">CGRN 54</ref>) found in Piraeus and in or near the city Asklepieion of Athens, prescribing the (preliminary) offering of cakes to various divinities.</p>
                <p> Line 1: This inscription starts with the name of the god in the genitive (like e.g. <ref target="CGRN_72">CGRN 72</ref>), indicating that the altar is dedicated to the divinity in question or that this is the place of the cult of the god in question.</p>
                <p>Line 3: μονόμφαλα sc. πόπανα refer to cakes with a single knob or boss. They are attested in <ref target="CGRN_77">CGRN 77</ref> (recipients unclear), <ref target="CGRN_135">CGRN 135</ref> (recipient unknown), in Athens, and at Samos (<ref target="CGRN_87">CGRN 87</ref>), in which one should prepare for Κουροτρόφος and Hermes, μονόμφαλα, and other cakes. Perhaps the use of θύειν (by contrast to some of the mentioned parallel regulations, where no verb is used) implies that the cakes should be burnt in this case.
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