CGRN 216

Small sacrificial regulation from Delos

Date :

ca. 100 BC

Justification: lettering (Marcadé).

Provenance

Delos . Found on the slope below the sanctuary of the Ascalonite deities on Mount Cynthos. Now placed back in the same location.

Support

Cylindrical altar of white marble.

  • Height: 65 cm
  • Width: (diameter) 55 cm

Layout

The altar is inscribed with the same dedication on both sides and has a fringe above and below. The small regulation that is given here is inscribed at 3.5 cm below the dedications, but is visible only on one side.

Letters: 1.5 cm high. Space between lines: 0.5 cm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Marcadé 1949: 152-155, with ph. fig. 1.

Other edition: Roussel ID 1720 (without only a few letter-traces).

Cf. also: Sokolowski LSS 58; SEG 23, 507.

Text


Φιλόστρατος Φιλοστράτου
Ἀσκαλωνίτης τραπ[εζιτεύων]
ἐν Δήλωι, ὑπὲρ τ[ῆς Ἀσκα]λ[ωνι]-
τῶν
πόλεως καὶ γυ-
5ναικὸς
καὶ τέκν[ων]
Ποσειδῶνι Ἀσκαλ[ωνίτῃ].
vacat
ικὰ μ θύειν
μηδ[ὲ] α[γ]ει[α].

Translation

Philostatros son of Philostratos, banker on Delos, on behalf of the city of the Ascalonites and (5) his wife and children, to Poseidon of Ascalon. Do not sacrifice any swine (products) or any goat (products).

Traduction

Philostratos fils de Philostratos, banquier à Délos, pour la cité des Ascalonites, (5) son épouse et ses enfants, au Poséidon d'Ascalon. Ne sacrifier ni du porc ni de la chèvre.

Commentary

This small regulation (lines 8-9) is inscribed below a dedication by a banker from Ascalon, Philostatros son of Philostratos (lines 1-6). He dedicated the altar to Poseidon of Ascalon and it may be presumed that the regulation also pertains to this cult.

Interdictions against goat and pig occur with some regularity on Delos, these are especially connected to oriental cults. Goats were not allowed in the cult of Heracles and Haurona (CGRN 174, line 12); a purity regulation found in the sanctuary of Syrian deities (CGRN 217, line 3) states that one has to wash oneself after eating porc products. In a sacrificial regulation dedicated to Zeus Ourios, Astarte and Aphrodite Ourania, by another citizen of Ascalon—and probably belonging to the same sanctuary as the present inscription—goat, swine and cow are forbidden (CGRN 171, lines 6-7).

Looking beyond Delos, on Thasos goats were not allowed in the cult of Hera (CGRN 23). In the cults of Heracles (CGRN 27) and of Peitho (CGRN 178) on Thasos both goats and pigs are forbidden.

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

CGRN 216, l. x-x.

Alternatively, a more detailed version of this citation, with the relevant URL, can be:
CGRN 216, l. x-x (http://cgrn.philo.ulg.ac.be/file/216/).

The full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following:
J.-M. Carbon, S. Peels and V. Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), Liège 2015- (http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be, consulted in [2019]).

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	    			<author>Jan-Mathieu Carbon</author>
	    			<author>Saskia Peels</author>
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			<p> The altar is inscribed with the same dedication on both sides and has a fringe above and below. The small regulation that is given here is inscribed at 3.5 cm below the dedications, but is visible only on one side.</p>
			<p>Letters: <height unit="cm">1.5</height>. Space between lines: <height unit="cm">0.5</height>.</p>
			
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							<p><desc>Justification: lettering (Marcadé).</desc></p>			</origin>
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	    			<head>Bibliography</head>
	    			
<p> Edition here based on <bibl type="author_date" n="Marcadé 1949">Marcadé 1949</bibl>: 152-155, with ph. fig. 1.
	
	    			</p>
	    			<p> Other edition:                   
	    				Roussel <bibl type="abbr" n="ID">ID</bibl> 1720 (without only a few letter-traces).</p>
	    			
	    			<p> Cf. also:
	    				Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSS">LSS</bibl> 58; 
	    				<bibl type="abbr" n="SEG">SEG</bibl> 23, 507.</p>    			
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<lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/> Φιλόστρατος Φιλοστράτου
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/> <name type="ethnic" key="Askalon"><name type="group"><w lemma="Ἀσκαλωνίτης">Ἀσκαλωνίτης</w></name></name> <w lemma="τραπεζιτεύω">τραπ<supplied reason="lost">εζιτεύων</supplied></w>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_3" n="3"/> <w lemma="ἐν">ἐν</w> <placeName key="Delos"><w lemma="Δῆλος">Δήλωι</w></placeName>, <w lemma="ὑπέρ">ὑπὲρ</w> τ<supplied reason="lost">ῆς</supplied> <name type="ethnic" key="Askalon"><name type="group"><w lemma="Ἀσκαλωνίτης"><supplied reason="lost">Ἀσκα</supplied>λ<supplied reason="lost">ωνι</supplied>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_4" n="4" break="no"/>τῶν</w></name></name> <name type="group"><w lemma="πόλις">πόλεως</w></name> καὶ <w lemma="γυνή">γυ 
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_5" n="5" break="no"/>ναικὸς</w> καὶ <w lemma="τέκνον">τέκν<supplied reason="lost">ων</supplied></w> 
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_6" n="6"/> <name type="deity" key="Poseidon"><w lemma="Ποσειδῶν">Ποσειδῶνι</w></name> <name type="epithet" key="Askalonites"><w lemma="Ἀσκαλωνίτης">Ἀσκαλ<supplied reason="lost">ωνίτῃ</supplied></w></name>.
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_7" n="7"/> <space quantity="1" unit="line"/>
	    	
<lb xml:id="line_8" n="8"/> <name type="animal" key="swine"><w lemma="ὑϊκός"><unclear>ὑ</unclear>ικὰ</w></name> <w lemma="μή">μ<unclear>ὴ</unclear></w> <name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω">θύει<unclear>ν</unclear></w></name>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_9" n="9"/>  <w lemma="μηδέ"><unclear>μ</unclear>ηδ<supplied reason="lost">ὲ</supplied></w> <name type="animal" key="goat"><w lemma="αἴγειος"><unclear>α</unclear>ἴ<supplied reason="lost">γ</supplied>ει<supplied reason="lost">α</supplied></w></name>.    
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<p>  Philostatros son of Philostratos, banker on Delos, on behalf of the city of the Ascalonites and (5) his wife and children, to Poseidon of Ascalon. Do not sacrifice any swine (products) or any goat (products).</p>
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					<head>Traduction</head>
<p>Philostratos fils de Philostratos, banquier à Délos, pour la cité des Ascalonites, (5) son épouse et ses enfants, au Poséidon d'Ascalon. Ne sacrifier ni du porc ni de la chèvre.</p>
				</div>
					<div type="commentary">    
						<head>Commentary</head>    
<p> This small regulation (lines 8-9) is inscribed below a dedication by a banker from Ascalon, Philostatros son of Philostratos (lines 1-6). He dedicated the altar to Poseidon of Ascalon and it may be presumed that the regulation also pertains to this cult.</p>
						
<p>Interdictions against goat and pig occur with some regularity on Delos, these are especially connected to oriental cults. Goats were not allowed in the cult of Heracles and Haurona (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_174">CGRN 174</ref>, line 12); a purity regulation found in the sanctuary of Syrian deities (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_217">CGRN 217</ref>, line 3) states that one has to wash oneself after eating porc products. In a sacrificial regulation dedicated to Zeus Ourios, Astarte and Aphrodite Ourania, by another citizen of Ascalon—and probably belonging to the same sanctuary as the present inscription—goat, swine and cow are forbidden (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_171">CGRN 171</ref>, lines 6-7).</p>
							
<p>Looking beyond Delos, on Thasos goats were not allowed in the cult of Hera (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_23">CGRN 23</ref>). In the cults of Heracles (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_27">CGRN 27</ref>) and of Peitho (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_178">CGRN 178</ref>) on Thasos both goats and pigs are forbidden.</p>
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