CGRN 216

Small sacrificial regulation from Delos

Date :

ca. 100 BC

Justification: lettering (Marcadé).

Provenance

Delos . Found on the slope below the sanctuary of the Ascalonite deities on Mount Cynthos. Now placed back in the same location.

Support

Cylindrical altar of white marble.

  • Height: 65 cm
  • Width: (diameter) 55 cm

Layout

The altar is inscribed with the same dedication on both sides and has a fringe above and below. The small regulation that is given here is inscribed at 3.5 cm below the dedications, but is visible only on one side.

Letters: 1.5 cm high. Space between lines: 0.5 cm high.

Bibliography

Edition here based on Marcadé 1949: 152-155, with ph. fig. 1.

Other edition: Roussel ID 1720 (without only a few letter-traces).

Cf. also: Sokolowski LSS 58; SEG 23, 507.

Text


Φιλόστρατος Φιλοστράτου
Ἀσκαλωνίτης τραπ[εζιτεύων]
ἐν Δήλωι, ὑπὲρ τ[ῆς Ἀσκα]λ[ωνι]-
τῶν
πόλεως καὶ γυ-
5ναικὸς
καὶ τέκν[ων]
Ποσειδῶνι Ἀσκαλ[ωνίτῃ].
vacat
ικὰ μ θύειν
μηδ[ὲ] α[γ]ει[α].

Translation

Philostatros son of Philostratos, Ascalonite, banker on Delos, on behalf of the city of the Ascalonites and (5) his wife and children, to Poseidon of Ascalon. Do not sacrifice any swine (meat) or any goat (meat).

Traduction

Philostratos fils de Philostratos, Ascalonite, banquier à Délos, pour la cité des Ascalonites, (5) son épouse et ses enfants, au Poséidon d'Ascalon. Ne sacrifier ni du porc ni de la chèvre.

Commentary

This small regulation (lines 8-9) is inscribed below a dedication by a banker from Ascalon, Philostatros son of Philostratos (lines 1-6). He dedicated the altar to Poseidon of Ascalon and it may be presumed that the regulation also pertains to this cult.

Interdictions against goat and pig occur with some regularity on Delos, these are especially connected to oriental cults. Goats were not allowed in the cult of Heracles and Haurona (CGRN 174, line 12); a purity regulation found in the sanctuary of Syrian deities (CGRN 217, line 3) states that one has to wash oneself after eating porc products. In a sacrificial regulation dedicated to Zeus Ourios, Astarte and Aphrodite Ourania, by another citizen of Ascalon—and probably belonging to the same sanctuary as the present inscription—it is forbidden to sacrifice meat from goat, swine and cow (CGRN 171, lines 6-7, with commentary on this aspect of Near Eastern cults).

Publication

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License 4.0 .

All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/ and the filename, as well as the year of consultation (see “Home” for details of how to cite).

Authors

  • Jan-Mathieu Carbon
  • Saskia Peels

Project Director

Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge

How To Cite

Brief citation of the Greek text : CGRN 216, l. x-x.

Reference to the file as a critical study of the inscription : Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Saskia Peels, Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge, "CGRN 216: Small sacrificial regulation from Delos", in A Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), online since 2017, consulted on July 4, 2022. URL: http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/file/216/.

Full citation of the CGRN in a list of abbreviations or a bibliography is the following : Jan-Mathieu Carbon, Saskia Peels, Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge, Collection of Greek Ritual Norms (CGRN), online since 2017, consulted on July 4, 2022. URL: http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/file/216/.

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<p> Edition here based on <bibl type="author_date" n="Marcadé 1949">Marcadé 1949</bibl>: 152-155, with ph. fig. 1.
	
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	    			<p> Other edition:                   
	    				Roussel <bibl type="abbr" n="ID">ID</bibl> 1720 (without only a few letter-traces).</p>
	    			
	    			<p> Cf. also:
	    				Sokolowski <bibl type="abbr" n="LSS">LSS</bibl> 58; 
	    				<bibl type="abbr" n="SEG">SEG</bibl> 23, 507.</p>    			
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<lb xml:id="line_1" n="1"/> Φιλόστρατος Φιλοστράτου
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_2" n="2"/> <name type="ethnic" key="Askalon"><name type="group"><w lemma="Ἀσκαλωνίτης">Ἀσκαλωνίτης</w></name></name> <w lemma="τραπεζιτεύω">τραπ<supplied reason="lost">εζιτεύων</supplied></w>
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_3" n="3"/> <w lemma="ἐν">ἐν</w> <placeName key="Delos"><w lemma="Δῆλος">Δήλωι</w></placeName>, <w lemma="ὑπέρ">ὑπὲρ</w> τ<supplied reason="lost">ῆς</supplied> <name type="ethnic" key="Askalon"><name type="group"><w lemma="Ἀσκαλωνίτης"><supplied reason="lost">Ἀσκα</supplied>λ<supplied reason="lost">ωνι</supplied>
	    					
<lb xml:id="line_4" n="4" break="no"/>τῶν</w></name></name> <name type="group"><w lemma="πόλις">πόλεως</w></name> καὶ <w lemma="γυνή">γυ 
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_5" n="5" break="no"/>ναικὸς</w> καὶ <w lemma="τέκνον">τέκν<supplied reason="lost">ων</supplied></w> 
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_6" n="6"/> <name type="deity" key="Poseidon"><w lemma="Ποσειδῶν">Ποσειδῶνι</w></name> <name type="epithet" key="Askalonites"><w lemma="Ἀσκαλωνίτης">Ἀσκαλ<supplied reason="lost">ωνίτῃ</supplied></w></name>.
	    				
<lb xml:id="line_7" n="7"/> <space quantity="1" unit="line"/>
	    	
<lb xml:id="line_8" n="8"/> <name type="animal" key="swine"><w lemma="ὑϊκός"><unclear>ὑ</unclear>ικὰ</w></name> <w lemma="μή">μ<unclear>ὴ</unclear></w> <name type="sacrifice"><w lemma="θύω">θύει<unclear>ν</unclear></w></name>
	    				
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<p>  Philostatros son of Philostratos, Ascalonite, banker on Delos, on behalf of the city of the Ascalonites and (5) his wife and children, to Poseidon of Ascalon. Do not sacrifice any swine (meat) or any goat (meat).</p>
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<p>Philostratos fils de Philostratos, Ascalonite, banquier à Délos, pour la cité des Ascalonites, (5) son épouse et ses enfants, au Poséidon d'Ascalon. Ne sacrifier ni du porc ni de la chèvre.</p>
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						<head>Commentary</head>    
<p> This small regulation (lines 8-9) is inscribed below a dedication by a banker from Ascalon, Philostatros son of Philostratos (lines 1-6). He dedicated the altar to Poseidon of Ascalon and it may be presumed that the regulation also pertains to this cult.</p>
						
<p>Interdictions against goat and pig occur with some regularity on Delos, these are especially connected to oriental cults. Goats were not allowed in the cult of Heracles and Haurona (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_174">CGRN 174</ref>, line 12); a purity regulation found in the sanctuary of Syrian deities (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_217">CGRN 217</ref>, line 3) states that one has to wash oneself after eating porc products. In a sacrificial regulation dedicated to Zeus Ourios, Astarte and Aphrodite Ourania, by another citizen of Ascalon—and probably belonging to the same sanctuary as the present inscription—it is forbidden to sacrifice meat from goat, swine and cow (<ref target="http://cgrn.ulg.ac.be/CGRN_171">CGRN 171</ref>, lines 6-7, with commentary on this aspect of Near Eastern cults).</p>
							
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